Thermodynamics Of Atmospheres And Oceans

Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans PDF
Author: Judith A. Curry
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780121995706
Size: 18.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 471
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Book Description: Basic Concepts: Composition, Structure, and State. First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics. Transfer Processes. Thermodynamics of Water. Nucleation and Diffusional Growth. Moist Thermodynamics Processes in the Atmosphere. Static Stability of the Atmosphere and Ocean. Cloud Characteristics and Processes. Ocean Surface Exchanges of Heat and Freshwater. Sea, Ice, Snow, and Glaciers. Thermohaline Processes in the Ocean. Special Topics: Global Energy and Entropy Balances. Thermodynamics Feedbacks in the Climate System. Planetary Atmospheres and Surface Ice. Appendices. Subject Index.

Dynamics Of The Tropical Atmosphere And Oceans

Dynamics of The Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans PDF
Author: Peter J. Webster
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470662565
Size: 23.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 536
View: 1450

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Book Description: This book presents a unique and comprehensive view of the fundamental dynamical and thermodynamic principles underlying the large circulations of the coupled ocean-atmosphere system Dynamics of The Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans provides a detailed description of macroscale tropical circulation systems such as the monsoon, the Hadley and Walker Circulations, El Niño, and the tropical ocean warm pool. These macroscale circulations interact with a myriad of higher frequency systems, ranging from convective cloud systems to migrating equatorial waves that attend the low-frequency background flow. Towards understanding and predicting these circulation systems. A comprehensive overview of the dynamics and thermodynamics of large-scale tropical atmosphere and oceans is presented using both a “reductionist” and “holistic” perspectives of the coupled tropical system. The reductionist perspective provides a detailed description of the individual elements of the ocean and atmospheric circulations. The physical nature of each component of the tropical circulation such as the Hadley and Walker circulations, the monsoon, the incursion of extratropical phenomena into the tropics, precipitation distributions, equatorial waves and disturbances described in detail. The holistic perspective provides a physical description of how the collection of the individual components produces the observed tropical weather and climate. How the collective tropical processes determine the tropical circulation and their role in global weather and climate is provided in a series of overlapping theoretical and modelling constructs. The structure of the book follows a graduated framework. Following a detailed description of tropical phenomenology, the reader is introduced to dynamical and thermodynamical constraints that guide the planetary climate and establish a critical role for the tropics. Equatorial wave theory is developed for simple and complex background flows, including the critical role played by moist processes. The manner in which the tropics and the extratropics interact is then described, followed by a discussion of the physics behind the subtropical and near-equatorial precipitation including arid regions. The El Niño phenomena and the monsoon circulations are discussed, including their covariance and predictability. Finally, the changing structure of the tropics is discussed in terms of the extent of the tropical ocean warm pool and its relationship to the intensity of global convection and climate change. Dynamics of the Tropical Atmosphere and Oceans is aimed at advanced undergraduate and early career graduate students. It also serves as an excellent general reference book for scientists interested in tropical circulations and their relationship with the broader climate system.

Atmosphere Ocean Dynamics

Atmosphere Ocean Dynamics PDF
Author: Adrian E. Gill
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780122835223
Size: 15.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 662
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Book Description: How the Ocean : Atmosphere System Is Driven -- Transfer of Properties between Atmosphere and Ocean -- Properties of a Fluid at Rest -- Equations Satisfied by a Moving Fluid -- Adjustment under Gravity in a Nonrotating System -- Adjustment under Gravity of a Density-Stratified Fluid -- Effect of Rotation -- Gravity Waves in a Rotating Fluid -- Forced Motion -- Effects of Side Boundaries -- The Tropics -- Mid-Latitudes -- Instabilities, Fronts, and the General Circulation -- Units and Their SI Equivalents -- Useful Values -- Properties of Seawater -- Properties of Moist Air.

Hydrodynamics Of Oceans And Atmospheres

Hydrodynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres PDF
Author: Carl Eckart
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483149560
Size: 31.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 302
View: 557

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Book Description: Hydrodynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres is a systematic account of the hydrodynamics of oceans and atmospheres. Topics covered range from the thermodynamic functions of an ideal gas and the thermodynamic coefficients for water to steady motions, the isothermal atmosphere, the thermocline, and the thermosphere. Perturbation equations, field equations, residual equations, and a general theory of rays are also presented. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and begins with an introduction to the basic equations and their solutions, with the aim of illustrating the laws of dynamics. The nonlinear equations of thermodynamics and hydrodynamics are analyzed using the methods of perturbation theory, with emphasis on the zero-order solution; zero-order states of an ideal gas; the first-order equations; the additive barotropic terms; and boundary conditions. The following chapters focus on the steady component of atmospheric pressure; free steady motion with or without rotation; field equations and general theorems relating to such equations; and the stratification of the Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and lakes. The next two chapters present calculations concerning the isothermal atmosphere, with particular reference to plane level surfaces with or without rotation. The final chapter looks at spherical level surfaces with rotation. This monograph will be of interest to physicists, oceanographers, atmospheric scientists, and meteorologists.

Renewable Energy Thermodynamics Of The Ocean And The Atmosphere Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plants

Renewable Energy  Thermodynamics of the ocean and the atmosphere  Ocean thermal energy conversion plants PDF
Author: Boris Aleksandrovich Troshenʹkin
Size: 51.62 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Atmospheric thermodynamics
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 453

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Book Description:

Air Sea Interaction

Air Sea Interaction PDF
Author: G. T. Csanady
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521796804
Size: 40.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 239
View: 7396

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Book Description: Air-Sea Interaction: Laws and Mechanisms provides a comprehensive account of how the atmosphere and the ocean interact to control the global climate, what physical laws govern this interaction, and what are its prominent mechanisms. It is mainly directed towards graduate students and research scientists in meteorology, oceanography, and environmental engineering. The book will be of value on entry level courses in meteorology and oceanography, and also to the broader physics community interested in the treatment of transfer laws, and thermodynamics of the atmosphere and ocean.

Composition Chemistry And Climate Of The Atmosphere

Composition  Chemistry  and Climate of the Atmosphere PDF
Author: Singh
Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
Size: 50.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Air
Languages : en
Pages : 527
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Book Description: Bringing together experts in air chemistry and pollution, this voulme analyzes and integrates the scientific evidence behind the myriad of issues of air pollution. Tracing the history of air pollution, from localized microenvironments to regional and global levels, it provides insights into the mean physical and dynamic characterisitics of the atmosphere, the effects of population and industry on atmospheric composition, and quantifiable resources of air pollution. It also includes extensive coverage of photochemical smog, tropspheric ozone, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, and global warming.

Large Scale Inhomogeneous Thermodynamics

Large scale Inhomogeneous Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Yong Zhu
Publisher: Cambridge Int Science Publishing
ISBN: 1898326312
Size: 26.45 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 634
View: 883

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Book Description: Annotation This book introduces a new science, large-scale inhomogeneous thermodynamics, to study the inhomogeneous thermodynamic systems.

Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Atmospheric Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Craig F. Bohren
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195099041
Size: 15.13 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 402
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Book Description: This comprehensive text is based on the authors' course notes, refined and updated over 15 years of teaching. The core of the text focuses on water and its transformations. Four chapters lay the foundation, from energy conservation to the ideal gas law, specific heat capacities, adiabatic processes, and entropy. An extensive chapter treats phase transitions of water, and a lengthy discussion of the van der Waals equation sets the stage for phase diagrams. Free energy is applied to determining the effect of dissolved substances, total pressure, and size on vapor pressure. The chapter on moist air and clouds discusses wet-bulb and virtual temperatures, isentropic ascent of saturated air, thermodynamic diagrams, stability, and cloud formation. The final chapter covers energy, momentum, and mass transfer, topics not usually considered part of thermodynamics. Measurements are included and experiments and observations are suggested, all with the aim of breathing life into equations. The authors are careful to recognize and unafraid to criticize the treatments of thermodynamics that have been unchanged for more than a hundred years. Atmospheric Thermodynamics contains over 200 exercises, mostly applications of basic principles to concrete problems. Often inspired by inquisitive students and colleagues, the exercises cover everything from automobiles and airplanes to baseball, wind turbines, and ground hogs. The authors weave history into the text by drawing on original writings rather than using textbook anecdotes, and molecular interpretations are given wherever possible. Assumptions and approximations are carefully laid out, derivations are detailed, and equations are interpreted physically and applied. No previous knowledge of thermodynamics or kinetic theory is assumed, although students are expected to be well-grounded in calculus, differential equations, vector analysis, and classical mechanics.

Ocean Processes In Climate Dynamics

Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics PDF
Author: Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792326243
Size: 11.17 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 437
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Book Description: One of the most crucial but still very poorly understood topics of oceanographic science is the role of ocean processes in contributing to the dynamics of climate and global change. This book presents a series of high level lectures on the major categories of ocean/atmosphere processes. Three of these major issues are the focus of the lectures: (1) air--sea interaction processes; (2) water mass formation, dispersion and mixing; (3) general circulation, with specific emphasis on the thermohaline component. Global examples in the world ocean are provided and discussed in the lectures. In parallel, the Mediterranean Sea is a laboratory basin in providing analogues of the above global processes relevant to climate dynamics. They include the Mediterranean thermohaline circulation with its own `conveyor belt'; intermediate and deep water mass formation and transformations, dispersion and mixing. No other book in the field provides a review of fundamental lectures on these processes, coupled with global examples and their Mediterranean analogues.