Thermodynamics For Dummies

Thermodynamics For Dummies PDF
Author: Mike Pauken
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118002911
Size: 17.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : un
Pages : 384
View: 4534

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Book Description: Take some heat off the complexity of thermodynamics Does the mere thought of thermodynamics make you sweat? It doesn't have to! This hands-on guide helps you score your highest in a thermodynamics course by offering easily understood, plain-English explanations of how energy is used in things like automobiles, airplanes, air conditioners, and electric power plants. Thermodynamics 101 — take a look at some examples of both natural and man-made thermodynamic systems and get a handle on how energy can be used to perform work Turn up the heat — discover how to use the first and second laws of thermodynamics to determine (and improve upon) the efficiency of machines Oh, behave — get the 411 on how gases behave and relate to one another in different situations, from ideal-gas laws to real gases Burn with desire — find out everything you need to know about conserving mass and energy in combustion processes Open the book and find: The laws of thermodynamics Important properties and their relationships The lowdown on solids, liquids, and gases How work and heat go handin hand The cycles that power thermodynamic processes Chemical mixtures and reactions Ten pioneers in thermodynamics Real-world applications of thermodynamic laws and concepts Learn to: Master the concepts and principles of thermodynamics Develop the problem-solving skills used by professional engineers Ace your thermodynamics course

Thermodynamics For Dummies

Thermodynamics For Dummies PDF
Author: Mike Pauken
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118120981
Size: 20.78 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 4482

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Book Description: Take some heat off the complexity of thermodynamics Does the mere thought of thermodynamics make you sweat? Itdoesn't have to! This hands-on guide helps you score your highestin a thermodynamics course by offering easily understood,plain-English explanations of how energy is used in things likeautomobiles, airplanes, air conditioners, and electric powerplants. Thermodynamics 101 — take a look at some examples of bothnatural and man-made thermodynamic systems and get a handle on howenergy can be used to perform work Turn up the heat — discover how to use the first andsecond laws of thermodynamics to determine (and improve upon) theefficiency of machines Oh, behave — get the 411 on how gases behave and relate toone another in different situations, from ideal-gas laws to realgases Burn with desire — find out everything you need to knowabout conserving mass and energy in combustion processes Open the book and find: The laws of thermodynamics Important properties and their relationships The lowdown on solids, liquids, and gases How work and heat go handin hand The cycles that power thermodynamic processes Chemical mixtures and reactions Ten pioneers in thermodynamics Real-world applications of thermodynamic laws and concepts Learn to: Master the concepts and principles of thermodynamics Develop the problem-solving skills used by professionalengineers Ace your thermodynamics course

Understanding Thermodynamics

Understanding Thermodynamics PDF
Author: H.C. Van Ness
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486132285
Size: 72.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 128
View: 6242

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Book Description: Clear treatment of systems and first and second laws of thermodynamics features informal language, vivid and lively examples, and fresh perspectives. Excellent supplement for undergraduate science or engineering class.

Chemistry Ii For Dummies

Chemistry II For Dummies PDF
Author: John T. Moore
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118239466
Size: 32.23 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 7509

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Book Description: The tools you need to ace your Chemisty II course College success for virtually all science, computing,engineering, and premedical majors depends in part on passingchemistry. The skills learned in chemistry courses are applicableto a number of fields, and chemistry courses are essential tostudents who are studying to become nurses, doctors, pharmacists,clinical technicians, engineers, and many more among thefastest-growing professions. But if you're like a lot of studentswho are confused by chemistry, it can seem like a daunting task totackle the subject. That's where Chemistry II For Dummiescan help! Here, you'll get plain-English, easy-to-understand explanationsof everything you'll encounter in your Chemistry II class. Whetherchemistry is your chosen area of study, a degree requirement, or anelective, you'll get the skills and confidence to score high andenhance your understanding of this often-intimidating subject. Sowhat are you waiting for? Presents straightforward information on complex concepts Tracks to a typical Chemistry II course Serves as an excellent supplement to classroom learning Helps you understand difficult subject matter with confidenceand ease Packed with approachable information and plenty of practiceopportunities, Chemistry II For Dummies is just what youneed to make the grade.

The Differential Equations Of Thermodynamics

The Differential Equations Of Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Vi͡acheslav Vladimirovich Sychev
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560321217
Size: 31.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 5733

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Book Description: In this book the author systemizes mathematical tools of thermodynamics, and concurrently emphasizes questions that are often a source of error in thermodynamic calculations. He deals with thermodynamic characteristic functions, the differential equations for a one-phase region and more.

A Textbook Of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS PDF
Author: K. V. NARAYANAN
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120347471
Size: 67.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 564
View: 962

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Book Description: Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics

Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics PDF
Author: David Jou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642974309
Size: 17.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 319
View: 5934

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Book Description: Classical irreversible thermodynamics, as developed by Onsager, Prigogine and many other authors, is based on the local-equilibrium hypothesis. Out of equilibrium, any system is assumed to depend locally on the same set of variables as when it is in eqUilibrium. This leads to a formal thermody namic structure identical to that of eqUilibrium: intensive parameters such as temperature, pressure and chemical potentials are well-defined quantities keeping their usual meaning, thermodynamic potentials are derived as Leg endre transformations and all equilibrium thermodynamic relations retain their validity. The theory based on this hypothesis has turned out to be very useful and has achieved a number of successes in many practical situations. of interest in going However, the recent decade has witnessed a surge beyond the classical formulation. There are several reasons for this. One of them is the development of experimental methods able to deal with the response of systems to high-frequency and short-wavelength perturbations, such as ultrasound propagation and light and neutron scattering. The ob served results have led to generalizations of the classical hydrodynamical theories, by including memory functions or generalized transport coefficients depending on the frequency and the wavevector. This field has generated impressive progress in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics, but for the moment it has not brought about a parallel development in non-equilibrium thermodynamics. An extension of thermodynamics compatible with gener alized hydrodynamics therefore appears to be a natural subject of research.

Block By Block The Historical And Theoretical Foundations Of Thermodynamics

Block by Block  the Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Robert Hanlon
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198851545
Size: 58.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 624
View: 2890

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Book Description: At the heart of many fields - physics, chemistry, engineering - lays thermodynamics. While this science plays a critical role in determining the boundary between what is and is not possible in the natural world, it occurs to many as an indecipherable black box, thus making the subject a challenge to learn. Two obstacles contribute to this situation, the first being the disconnect between the fundamental theories and the underlying physics and the second being the confusing concepts and terminologies involved with the theories. While one needn't confront either of these two obstacles to successfully use thermodynamics to solve real problems, overcoming both provides access to a greater intuitive sense of the problems and more confidence, more strength, and more creativity in solving them. This book offers an original perspective on thermodynamic science and history based on the three approaches of a practicing engineer, academician, and historian. The book synthesises and gathers into one accessible volume a strategic range of foundational topics involving the atomic theory, energy, entropy, and the laws of thermodynamics.

Rational Extended Thermodynamics

Rational extended thermodynamics PDF
Author: Ingo Mueller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461222109
Size: 10.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 396
View: 1395

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Book Description: Ordinary thermodynamics provides reliable results when the thermodynamic fields are smooth, in the sense that there are no steep gradients and no rapid changes. In fluids and gases this is the domain of the equations of Navier-Stokes and Fourier. Extended thermodynamics becomes relevant for rapidly varying and strongly inhomogeneous processes. Thus the propagation of high frequency waves, and the shape of shock waves, and the regression of small-scale fluctuation are governed by extended thermodynamics. The field equations of ordinary thermodynamics are parabolic while extended thermodynamics is governed by hyperbolic systems. The main ingredients of extended thermodynamics are • field equations of balance type, • constitutive quantities depending on the present local state and • entropy as a concave function of the state variables. This set of assumptions leads to first order quasi-linear symmetric hyperbolic systems of field equations; it guarantees the well-posedness of initial value problems and finite speeds of propaga tion. Several tenets of irreversible thermodynamics had to be changed in subtle ways to make extended thermodynamics work. Thus, the entropy is allowed to depend on nonequilibrium vari ables, the entropy flux is a general constitutive quantity, and the equations for stress and heat flux contain inertial terms. New insight is therefore provided into the principle of material frame indifference. With these modifications an elegant formal structure can be set up in which, just as in classical thermostatics, all restrictive conditions--derived from the entropy principle-take the form of integrability conditions.

Thermodynamics For Chemists Physicists And Engineers

Thermodynamics for Chemists  Physicists and Engineers PDF
Author: Robert Hołyst
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400729995
Size: 60.35 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 5448

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Book Description: This textbook takes an interdisciplinary approach to the subject of thermodynamics and is therefore suitable for undergraduates in chemistry, physics and engineering courses. The book is an introduction to phenomenological thermodynamics and its applications to phase transitions and chemical reactions, with some references to statistical mechanics. It strikes the balance between the rigorousness of the Callen text and phenomenological approach of the Atkins text. The book is divided in three parts. The first introduces the postulates and laws of thermodynamics and complements these initial explanations with practical examples. The second part is devoted to applications of thermodynamics to phase transitions in pure substances and mixtures. The third part covers thermodynamic systems in which chemical reactions take place. There are some sections on more advanced topics such as thermodynamic potentials, natural variables, non-ideal mixtures and electrochemical reactions, which make this book of suitable also to post-graduate students.