The Rhetoric Of Church And State

The Rhetoric of Church and State PDF
Author: Frederick Mark Gedicks
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822316664
Size: 47.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 6474

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Book Description: During the middle of the twentieth century, the religiously informed communitarianism that had guided the Supreme Court’s decisions regarding the relationship between church and state was partially displaced by a new secular individualist discourse. In The Rhetoric of Church and State, Frederick Mark Gedicks argues that this partial and incomplete shift is the key to understanding why the Court has failed—and continues today to fail—to provide a coherent doctrine on church/state separation. Gedicks suggests that the Supreme Court’s inconsistent decisions mirror a divergence in American society between an increasingly secular public culture and the primarily devout private lives of the majority of Americans. He notes that while the Court is committed to principles of secular individualism, it has repeatedly endorsed government actions that violate those principles—actions that would be far more justifiable under the discourse of religious communitarianism. The impossibility of reconciling the two discourses leaves the Court no choice but to efface—often implausibly—the religious nature of practices it deems permissible. Gedicks concludes that the road to a coherent religion clause doctrine lies neither in a return to religious communitarianism nor in its complete displacement by secular individualism, but in a yet-to-be-identified discourse that would attract popular support while protecting a meaningful measure of religious freedom.

Bunyan And Authority

Bunyan and Authority PDF
Author: Stuart Sim
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN:
Size: 74.67 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 239
View: 7764

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Book Description: The range of John Bunyan's work, fictional and non-fictional, is rarely captured in literary studies; nor is he often the subject of theoretically-informed readings as in the postmodern perspective adopted in this study. Jean-François Lyotard's conception of postmodernism as an attitude of 'incredulity towards grand narratives' is particularly appropriate to the situation in seventeenth-century England, where the traditional narratives of church and state collapsed in the 1640s leaving a full-scale legitimation crisis in their wake. The authors explore Bunyan's complex, and often highly subversive attitude to institutional authority, as expressed in a writing career ranging from the pamphlets of the 1650s through to the fiction of the 1670s and 80s, against a backdrop of bitter conflict between incommensurable cultural narratives. Bunyan and Authority opens up new lines of approach to an author central to the development of the nonconformist tradition in English life, and its provocative conclusions hold important implications for the study of seventeenth-century English literature, history, and religion.

Shakespeare And The Politics Of Protestant England

Shakespeare and the Politics of Protestant England PDF
Author: Donna B. Hamilton
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 9780813117904
Size: 24.24 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 253
View: 3756

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Book Description: Church and state during Shakespeare's lifetime were in significant conflict on issues stemming from Henry VIII's break with Rome, issues centering principally on questions of authority and obedience - religious conformity, the form of church government, the jurisdiction of spiritual and temporal courts, and the source and scope of the monarch's power. To what extent were these disputes present in Shakespeare's work? In her compelling reassessment of Shakespeare's historicity, Donna Hamilton rejects the notion that the official censorship of the day prevented the stage from representing contemporary debates concerning the relations among church, state, and individual. She argues instead that throughout his career Shakespeare positioned his writing politically and ideologically in relation to the ongoing and changing church-state controversies and in ways that have much in common with the shifts on these issues identified with the Leicester-Sidney-Essex-Southampton-Pembroke group. In her readings of King John, Comedy of Errors, Twelfth Night, Measure for Measure, Cymbeline and Henry VIII, Hamilton finds Shakespeare reappropriating a wide range of idioms from church-state discourse, particularly those of anti-catholicism and nonconformity. And she uses this language to broach some of the broad social and political issues involving obedience, privacy, property, and conscience - matters that were often the focus of church-state disputes and that provided this historical period with its central rhetorics of subjectivity. In this first full-scale study of Shakespeare and church politics, Hamilton also provides an important reassessment of censorship practices, of the means by which dissident views circulated, of the centrality of anti-catholic discourse for all church-state debates, and of the overwhelming significance of church-state issues as an agent for print and stage.

Orosius And The Rhetoric Of History

Orosius and the Rhetoric of History PDF
Author: Peter Van Nuffelen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199655278
Size: 43.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 4766

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Book Description: Orosius' Histories, written in 416/7, have long been seen as a paradigm for the Christian understanding of history. Little attention has been paid to the literary form and tools which shape the Histories, or to the contemporary practice of writing history. Drawing on textual and rhetorical analysis, this book proposes a major revaluation of the work, arguing that it is much more subtle and complex than usually assumed. At the same time, the bookuses Orosius as a lens to consider fourth- and fifth-century historiography and to question traditional distinctions between pagan and Christian historiography.

On Consumer Culture Identity The Church And The Rhetorics Of Delight

On Consumer Culture  Identity  the Church and the Rhetorics of Delight PDF
Author: Mark Clavier
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1501330950
Size: 68.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 1425

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Book Description: The Reading Augustine series presents short, engaging books offering personal readings of St. Augustine of Hippo's contributions to western philosophical, literary, and religious life. Mark Clavier's On Consumer Culture, Identity, The Church and the Rhetorics of Delight draws on Augustine of Hippo to provide a theological explanation for the success of marketing and consumer culture. Augustine's thought, rooted in rhetorical theory, presents a brilliant understanding of the experiences of damnation and salvation that takes seriously the often hidden psychology of human motivation. Clavier examines how Augustine's keen insight into the power of delight over personal notions of freedom and self-identity can be used to shed light on how the constant lure of promised happiness shapes our identities as consumers. From Augustine's perspective, it is only by addressing the sources of delight within consumerism and by rediscovering the wellsprings of God's delight that we can effectively challenge consumer culture. To an age awash with commercial rhetoric, the fifth-century Bishop of Hippo offers a theological rhetoric that is surprisingly contemporary and insightful.

The Rhetoric Of Newman S Apologia Pro Catholica 1845 1864

The Rhetoric of Newman s Apologia Pro Catholica  1845 1864 PDF
Author: Victor J. Lams
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433100154
Size: 25.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 211
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Book Description: Focusing upon the arguments Newman uses to define Catholicism against the hostility of English protestants, this book is a reader's guide to the books Newman published soon after his own conversion: Mixed Congregations; Difficulties of Anglicans; Present Position of Catholics, and his two novels. While the arguments advanced in Difficulties of Anglicans and Present Position of Catholics are confrontationally direct, his novels Loss and Gain and Callista respond to the attacks of Elizabeth Harris' From Oxford to Rome and Charles Kingsley's Hypatia by the indirection which typifies Newman's fictional rhetoric.

Original Intentions

Original Intentions PDF
Author: Melvin Eustace Bradford
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780820315218
Size: 77.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 165
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Book Description: This persuasively argued, decidedly partisan work aims to recover the original United States Constitution by describing its genesis, ratification, and mandate from the perspectives of its original framers. Openly challenging contemporary orthodoxy, M. E. Bradford employs principles of legal, historical, rhetorical, and dramatic analysis to reveal a Constitution notably short on abstract principles and modest in any goal beyond limiting the powers of the government it authorizes. From the beginning of Original Intentions, two sharply divergent convictions about the Constitution emerge. Bradford, arguing from a nomocratic viewpoint, regards the Constitution as an essentially procedural text created expressly to detail how the government may preside over itself not its people. He decries the currently predominant teleologic view, which is based upon the "principles" embodied by the Constitution, and holds that the document was designed to achieve a certain kind of society. By this view, he says, our fundamental laws have been blanketed by a heavy layer of ad hoc solutions to problems they were never intended to address, and then further obscured by the melioristic meddlings of judges, legislators, lawyers, scholars, and journalists. Bradford first shows that the Constitutional convention of 1787 was an enterprise guided by the delegates' hesitancy to impose a higher order over their local, practical, and vastly differing interests. Though all the states would ratify the Constitution, he says, each would interpret it in unique ways. Bradford underscores the dearth of lofty idealism among the original framers by detailing British influences on their political ethos. British common law, on which the framers heavily relied, evolved from a tradition of deliberate responses to practical needs and circumstances, not deductions from abstract utopian designs. In light of these factors, Bradford examines the ratification debates of Massachusetts, South Carolina, and North Carolina - three states that together exemplified the vast range of interests to be accommodated by the Constitution. Next Bradford highlights classic teleologic distortions. Discussing religion and the first amendment, he establishes a pervasive commitment to Christianity among the framers and challenges our notions about the separation of church and state. Warning against anachronistic readings of the Constitution, Bradford also analyzes the rhetoric of the framers to reinforce our awareness of their desire for a government that would contain their multiplicities, not seek to resolve them. In a reading of the Reconstruction amendments (thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen) Bradford argues that they had only a modest impact on the Constitution's original design. By the misconstruction of these amendments, however, the Constitution has been transformed into "a purpose oriented blank check for redesigning American society." In a final chapter Bradford critiques Mortimer Adler's We Hold These Truths and repudiates any broad connection between the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Before the Constitution is irreparably damaged, Bradford says, we must realize that it was not the best that the framers could invent but the best that their constituencies would approve. Debates related to normative issues should be settled not within the Constitution but within society, away from the coercive forces of law and politics - or else by amendment.

The Rhetoric Of Pope John Paul Ii

The rhetoric of Pope John Paul II PDF
Author: Joseph R. Blaney
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739132237
Size: 13.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 6524

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Book Description: Pope John Paul II was clearly one of the most influential persons of the 20th Century. He affected the world of politics, religion, and culture with a rhetorical zeal unmatched by few actors on the international stage. From the downfall of communism in Eastern Europe to his devotion to Mary to his championing of social justice and orthodox theology, this book examines his several moments of persuasive finesse as well as instances when his message could have been crafted more effectively. The essays in this collection examine his persuasive skills from several scholarly points of view. The book also offers analyses of media portrayals of this often-controversial figure. With contributions from some of the world's leading communication scholars, clergy, and social activists, this book is must reading for anyone interested in a deeper understanding of religious communication in general and John Paul II's rhetorical papacy in particular. Written by Catholics, Protestants, Mormons, agnostics, and atheists, the chapters approach the Pope with varying degrees of admiration, but always with intellectual respect.

The Rhetoric Of Cultural Dialogue

The Rhetoric of Cultural Dialogue PDF
Author: Jeffrey S. Librett
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804739313
Size: 74.69 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 391
View: 5229

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Book Description: In this groundbreaking work, the author effects the first extended rhetorical-philosophical reading of the historically problematic relationship between Jews and Germans, based on an analysis of texts from the Enlightenment through Modernism by Moses Mendelssohn, Friedrich and Dorothea Schlegel, Karl Marx, Richard Wagner, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Sigmund Freud. The theoretical underpinning of the work lies in the author’s rereading, in terms of contemporary rhetorical theory, of the medieval tradition known as “figural representation,” which defines the Jewish-Christian relation as that between the dead, prefigural letter and the living, fulfilled spirit. After arguing that the German Enlightenment ultimately plays out the historical phantasm of a necessary “Judaization” of Protestant rationality, the author shows that German Early Romanticism consists fundamentally in the attempt to solve the aporias raised by this impossible confrontation between Protestant spirit and Jewish letter. In readings of Dorothea Schlegel—Mendelssohn’s daughter—and her husband Friedrich Schlegel, the author provides a new interpretation of the Neo-Catholic turn of later German Romanticism. Further, he situates the proleptic end and reversal of the project of Jewish emancipation in the two extreme versions of late-nineteenth-century anti-Judaism, those of Marx and Wagner, here viewed as binary concretizations of a specifically post-Romantic paganized Protestantism. Finally, the author argues that twentieth-century Modernism as represented by Nietzsche and Freud renews, if in a multiply ironic displacement, the secret “Judaizing” tendencies of the Enlightenment. Fascism and Communism both denigrate this Modernism, which affirms the letter of language as quasi-synonymous with the force of temporality—or anticipatory repetition—that disrupts all claims to the full presence of spirit. The book ends with a note on recent debates about Holocaust memory.

Humanism And The Rhetoric Of Toleration

Humanism and the Rhetoric of Toleration PDF
Author: Gary Remer
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271042826
Size: 32.52 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: Religious toleration is much discussed these days. But where did the Western notion of toleration come from? In this thought-provoking book Gary Remer traces arguments for religious toleration back to the Renaissance, demonstrating how humanist thinkers initiated an intellectual tradition that has persisted even to our present day. Although toleration has long been recognized as an important theme in Renaissance humanist thinking, many scholars have mistakenly portrayed the humanists as proto-Englightenment rationalists and nascent liberals. Remer, however, offers the surprising conclusion that humanist thinking on toleration was actually founded on the classical tradition of rhetoric. It was the rhetorician's commitment to decorum, the ability to argue both sides of an issue, and the search for an acceptable epistemological standard in probability and consensus that grounded humanist arguments for toleration. Remer also finds that the primary humanist model for a full-fledged theory of toleration was the Ciceronian rhetorical category of sermo (conversation). The historical scope of this book is wide-ranging. Remer begins by focusing on the works of four humanists: Desiderius Erasmus, Jacobus Acontius, William Chillingworth, and Jean Bodin. Then he considers the challenge posed to the humanist defense of toleration by Thomas Hobbes and Pierre Bayle. Finally, he shows how humanist ideas have continued to influence arguments for toleration even after the passing of humanism&—from John Locke to contemporary American discussions of freedom of speech.