State Water Agencies In Nigeria

State Water Agencies in Nigeria PDF
Author: Berta Macheve
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464806667
Size: 59.37 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 166
View: 3585

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Book Description: Investments on the order of US$6 billion are estimated to be needed in the water sector in Nigeria in the next 10 years if the country is to achieve universal water supply coverage. This is the main finding of State Water Agencies in Nigeria: A Performance Assessment, in which the objective is to provide the government of Nigeria with a structured and coherent quantitative snapshot of the state of its urban water sector. The report focuses on water provision services from the States’ Water Authorities or Water Boards (SWAs) as they are the major and only regulated agencies that provide water to the urban population. Sanitation provision is not addressed because the majority of SWAs do not provide this service to their customers. This report highlights the issues related to the performance of SWAs, tariffs levels and structures, financing mechanisms, and concerns with governance within the SWA and state governments. For example, due to accelerated urbanization and migration of the population to the large cities, the average coverage by SWAs is about 40 percent, and the average domestic water consumption was 26 liters per capita per day in 2013, well below the recommended average. The remaining majority of the population relies on alternative service providers. To the extent possible, the report also shows the impact of these institutional weaknesses on customers’ costs, fiscal subsidies to the sector, and financing requirements that are needed to scale up the investment and showcase that the related operational and maintenance expenditure of the SWAs can actually be covered from the various financing sources. In fact, the coping costs of the population getting water from alternative water providers is assessed at US$700 million a year, and this number is growing. In addition, utilities get about US$100 million in operational subsidies that cover labor, electricity, and other operational costs. State Water Agencies in Nigeria: A Performance Assessment provides the government of Nigeria with a structured and coherent quantitative snapshot of the state of its urban water sector. Ultimately, this report is a first step toward performance benchmarking in Nigeria’s water and sanitation sector. The findings summarized in this publication should eventually serve as a tool for utilities and their authorities and stakeholders, as well as for bilateral and multilateral donors in their efforts to monitor the performance and progress of each water provider and the sector as a whole.

African Cities In Crisis

African Cities In Crisis PDF
Author: Richard E. Stren
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429693028
Size: 32.32 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 7490

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Book Description: This book presents the results of the "African Urban Management" project designed to study comparatively governmental responses to the gap between the realities of official plans and perspectives and the mushrooming world of the urban poor in African cities.

Water Security And U S Foreign Policy

Water  Security and U S  Foreign Policy PDF
Author: David Reed
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351685465
Size: 15.88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 422
View: 2760

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Book Description: The prosperity and national security of the United States depend directly on the prosperity and stability of both partner and competing countries around the world. Today, U.S. interests are under rising pressure from water scarcity, extreme weather events and water-driven ecological change in key geographies of strategic interest to the U.S. Those water-driven stresses are undermining economic productivity, weakening governance systems and fraying social cohesion in scores of countries and, in the process, undermining the vitality of rural livelihoods, fostering local and ethnic conflicts, driving broad migratory movements and contributing to the growth of insurgencies and terrorist networks. While the U.S. intelligence community has steadily expanded natural resource concerns in their global threat analyses, our overseas development assistance remains locked into provision of water and hygienic services rather than responding to the full sweep of global water challenges including governance and policy failures, growing conflicts over water and the need for promoting sustainable transboundary water arrangements in partner countries. A fundamental departure from the past is urgently needed. Based on 18 case studies, Water, Security and U.S. Foreign Policy provides an analytical framework to help policy makers, scholars and researchers studying the intersection of U.S. foreign policy with the environment and sustainability issues, interpret the impacts of water-driven social disruptions on the stability of partner governments and U.S. interests abroad. The book also delivers specific recommendations to reorient U.S. development and diplomatic engagements that can forestall and prevent social disruptions and ensuing threats to U.S. prosperity and national security.

Routledge Handbook Of Water Law And Policy

Routledge Handbook of Water Law and Policy PDF
Author: Alistair Rieu-Clarke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131730912X
Size: 14.92 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 2069

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Book Description: Water plays a key role in addressing the most pressing global challenges of our time, including climate change adaptation, food and energy security, environmental sustainability and the promotion of peace and stability. This comprehensive handbook explores the pivotal place of law and policy in efforts to ensure that water enables positive responses to these challenges and provides a basis for sound governance. The book reveals that significant progress has been made in recent decades to strengthen the governance of water resource management at different scales, including helping to address international and sub-national conflicts over transboundary water resources. It demonstrates that ‘effective’ laws and policies are fundamental drivers for the safe, equitable and sustainable utilization of water. However, it is also shown that what might constitute an effective law or policy related to water resources management is still hotly debated. As such, the handbook provides an important and definitive reference text for all studying water governance and management.

Children S And Women S Rights In Nigeria

Children s and Women s Rights in Nigeria PDF
Author: Adesegun Fatusi
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 17.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Child welfare
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 218

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Book Description:

Urbanization Resource Exploitation And Environmental Stability In Nigeria

Urbanization  Resource Exploitation and Environmental Stability in Nigeria PDF
Author: Association of Nigerian Geographers. Conference
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 55.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Urban ecology (Sociology)
Languages : en
Pages : 667
View: 446

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Book Description:

From Oil To Cities

From Oil to Cities PDF
Author: The World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464807930
Size: 65.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 4755

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Book Description: The Nigeria Urbanization Review serves the critical and timely purpose of understanding the challenges and opportunities of urbanization in Nigeria. The country’s rapid urban population growth and expansion is examined in relation to the account of its recent urban economic growth in order to seek for ways to finance urban development, particularly the provision of urban public goods and services. The objective of this analytical program is to provide diagnostic tools to inform policy dialogue and investment priorities on urbanization. This report serves the critical and timely purpose of focusing attention on the challenges and opportunities of urbanization in Nigeria. The executive summary at the front summarizes the key trends of Nigeria’s urbanization and sets out a framework to structure core urban challenges in view of underlying causes. Detailed analyses follow in the subsequent four chapters. In Chapter 1, the dynamics of Nigeria’s urbanization process are presented, with particular attention to the country’s rapid urban population growth, the very large-scale urban expansion, and the stubborn persistence of high levels of urban poverty, inequality and regional disparity. Chapter 2 provides an account of Nigeria’s recent urban economic growth, in view of the nature of the concentration of economic activity across the country’s states and cities, and of the limited performance of urban and regional economies in generating higher levels of employment and improving business climates. Chapter 3 turns to description and assessment of land management, urban planning and housing provision procedures and systems, which face a variety of challenges with regard to costs, affordability, capacity, equity and efficiency. Finally, Chapter 4 deals with the financing of urban development, particularly the provision of urban public goods and services, which is in need of both substantial finance and institutional and systemic improvements and reform.

The African Guardian

The African Guardian PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.15 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Africa
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: