Reforming Environmentally Harmful Subsidies

Reforming Environmentally Harmful Subsidies PDF
Author: Annegrete Bruvoll
Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 9289322535
Size: 78.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : SOCIAL SCIENCE
Languages : en
Pages : 119
View: 4275

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Book Description: The report discusses the theoretical principles for an efficient environmental and distribution policy and offers a comprehensive survey of experiences from policy reforms in different countries. The reform survey forms a background to recommendations for implementation of sustainable policy reforms, taking care of environmental, economic and distributional concerns. It particularly brings in the Nordic experiences, both to enlighten the problems with environmentally harmful subsidies in these countries, and to discuss what can be learned from the experiences in a broader international context. The analysis has been carried out during the period October 2010 - May 2011. The study was carried out by Vista Analyse AS and commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers for the Environment.

Environmentally Harmful Subsidies

Environmentally Harmful Subsidies PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: Organization for Economic
ISBN:
Size: 45.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 159
View: 4374

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Book Description: Subsidies are pervasive throughout OECD countries and worldwide. Every year, OECD countries transfer at least USD 400 billion to different economic sectors. Much of this support is potentially environmentally harmful. Reforming environmentally harmful subsidies is a significant policy challenge facing OECD countries. However, untangling and assessing the effects of subsidies on the environment is a complex task. A systematic approach is required to ensure that appropriate policies are developed and the benefits of reform fully realised. This report presents sectoral analyses on agriculture, fisheries, water, energy and transport. It proposes a checklist approach to identifying and assessing environmentally harmful subsidies. It also identifies the key tensions and conflicts that are likely to influence subsidy policy making. Can the political and economic impediments to subsidy reform be overcome? This book concludes with a discussion of politically feasible subsidy reform strategies. FURTHER READING Environmentally Harmful Subsidies: Policy Issues and Challenges (OECD, 2003)

Reforming Environmentally Harmful Subsidies

Reforming Environmentally Harmful Subsidies PDF
Author: Annegrete Bruvoll
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789289330473
Size: 77.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 170
View: 532

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Book Description: Abstract: Reforming environmentally harmful subsidies: How to counteract distributional impacts The report discusses the theoretical principles for an efficient environmental and distribution policy and offers a comprehensive survey of experiences from policy reforms in different countries. The reform survey forms a background to recommendations for implementation of sustainable policy reforms, taking care of environmental, economic and distributional concerns. It particularly brings in the Nordic experiences, both to enlighten the problems with environmentally harmful subsidies in these countries, and to discuss what can be learned from the experiences in a broader international context. The analysis has been carried out during the period October 2010 - May 2011. The study was carried out by Vista Analyse AS and commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers for the Environment

Temanord

TemaNord PDF
Author: Annegrete Bruvoll
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : un
Pages :
View: 6549

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Book Description:

Temanord

TemaNord PDF
Author: Annegrete Bruvoll
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 32.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1029

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Book Description:

Subsidy Reform And Sustainable Development

Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development PDF
Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher: OECD
ISBN:
Size: 24.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 4295

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Book Description: Subsidies are commonly used in OECD countries as public policy instruments to achieve specific socio-economic or environmental objectives, but they can often have unintended consequences, such as budget deficits, pollution, unemployment and trade distortions. This report contains the proceedings of an OECD workshop on subsidy reform, held in Paris in October 2005, which examined methods for assessing subsidies and associated taxes, and considered country experiences in reforming subsidies in the agriculture, fisheries, industry, and transport sectors.

Oecd Sustainable Development Studies Subsidy Reform And Sustainable Development Economic Environmental And Social Aspects

OECD Sustainable Development Studies Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development Economic  Environmental and Social Aspects PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264025650
Size: 41.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 4411

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Book Description: These proceedings present an overview of approaches for assessing subsidies and associated taxes and look at country experiences in reforming subsidies in agriculture, fisheries, industry and transport.

Energy Subsidies

Energy Subsidies PDF
Author: Anja von Moltke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351283197
Size: 28.13 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 2680

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Book Description: The need to reform energy subsidies was one of the pressing issues highlighted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Many types of subsidy, especially those that encourage the production and use of fossil fuel, and other non-renewable forms of energy, are harmful to the environment. They can also have high financial and economic costs, and often only bring few benefits to the people for whom they are intended.Removing, reducing or restructuring such energy subsidies is helpful for the environment and the economy at the same time. Potential social costs in terms of employment in the conventional energy industry or reduced access to energy could be addressed by redirecting the money formerly spent on subsidies to income support, health, environment, education or regional development programmes.Of course, subsidies can have certain positive consequences, particularly where they are aimed at encouraging more sustainable energy production and use. Temporary support for renewable energy and energy-efficient technologies to overcome market barriers, and measures to improve poor or rural households' access to modern, commercial forms of energy, for instance, could be positive measures in support of sustainable development.Based on ground-breaking work undertaken by UNEP and the International Energy Agency, this book aims to raise awareness of the actual and potential impacts of energy subsidies and provide guidance to policy-makers on how to design and implement energy-subsidy reforms. It provides methodologies for analysing the impact of subsidies and their reform, and reviews experiences with energy subsidies in a number of countries and regions. Drawing on these case studies, it analyses the lessons learned as well as the policy implications, and provides guidance on how to overcome resistance to reform.The book provides an analytical framework which aims to set the scene for the detailed discussion of energy-subsidy issues at the country level. It considers how subsidies are defined, how they can be measured, how big they are and how their effects can be assessed. A more detailed discussion of methodological approaches to the assessment of the economic, environmental and social effects of subsidies and their reform is contained in the Annex.Chapters 3–11 of the book contain country case studies from contributing authors, which review various experiences and issues related to energy subsidies in selected countries, but do not strive for a common approach. They are organised along geographical lines, beginning with a review of energy subsidies generally in OECD countries. Case studies of energy subsidies in transition economies – the Czech and Slovak Republics (Chapter 4) and Russia (Chapter 5) – follow. Three studies of Asian countries focus on the costs of different types of energy subsidy: electricity subsidies in India (Chapter 6), oil subsidies in Indonesia (Chapter 7) and energy subsidies generally in Korea (Chapter 8). Chapter 9 reviews the effect of energy subsidies in Iran and suggests a pragmatic approach to reforming them. This is followed by an assessment of the LPG subsidy programme in Senegal (Chapter 10) and an analysis of the effects of removing coal and oil subsides in Chile (Chapter 11).Chapter 12 analyses the lessons learned from these case studies, focusing on the economic, environmental and social effects and their implications for policy. Finally, Chapter 13 discusses the implications of these findings and makes practical recommendations for designing and implementing policy reforms.This book will be essential for both practitioners and academics involved in the energy sector and for governments and policy-makers wishing to examine the reform of energy subsidies.

Environmentally Harmful Subsidies Challenges For Reform

Environmentally Harmful Subsidies Challenges for Reform PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264012059
Size: 78.31 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 6125

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Book Description: This book discusses politically-feasible reform strategies that can be used to combat environmentally harmful subsidies.

The Use Of Economic Instruments

The Use of Economic Instruments PDF
Author: Hrafnhildur Bragadóttir
Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN: 928932824X
Size: 48.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 5034

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Book Description: The Working Group on Environment and Economy of the Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. This report is part of that series and has two parts. Part 1 presents an overview of the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy, with a focus on policy changes over the period 2010-2013. Part 2 develops a framework for assessing the political possibilities of reforming environmentally harmful subsidies, and applies this framework to three cases relevant in the Nordic context. The report was prepared by Copenhagen Economics, GreenStream Network and Environice. The authors of the report are Hrafnhildur Bragadóttir, Carl von Utfall Danielsson, Roland Magnusson, Sampo Seppänen, Amanda Stefansdotter and David Sundén.

The Use Of Economic Instruments In Nordic Environmental Policy 2010 2013

The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2010   2013 PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789289328258
Size: 45.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 3820

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Book Description:

Reforming Energy Subsidies

Reforming Energy Subsidies PDF
Author:
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN:
Size: 57.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 32
View: 3388

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Book Description: "This report summarises, in a non-technical language, the nature, types and impacts of subsidies on energy that undermine the pursuit of sustainable development. It also offers recommendations to policy makers on how to design and implement subsidies reform in an environmentally, socially and economically sound manner."--Introd.

The Use Of Economic Instruments

The Use of Economic Instruments PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789289328395
Size: 63.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 7694

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Book Description: The Working Group on Environment and Economy of the Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. This report is part of that series and has two parts. Part 1 presents an overview of the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy, with a focus on policy changes over the period 2010-2013. Part 2 develops a framework for assessing the political possibilities of reforming environmentally harmful subsidies, and applies this framework to three cases relevant in the Nordic context. The report was prepared by Copenhagen Economics, GreenStream Network and Environice. The authors of the report are Hrafnhildur Bragadóttir, Carl von Utfall Danielsson, Roland Magnusson, Sampo Seppänen, Amanda Stefansdotter and David Sundén.

Oecd Sustainable Development Studies Subsidy Reform And Sustainable Development Economic Environmental And Social Aspects

OECD Sustainable Development Studies Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development Economic  Environmental and Social Aspects PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264025650
Size: 70.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 2113

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Book Description: These proceedings present an overview of approaches for assessing subsidies and associated taxes and look at country experiences in reforming subsidies in agriculture, fisheries, industry and transport.

Oecd Sustainable Development Studies Subsidy Reform And Sustainable Development Political Economy Aspects

OECD Sustainable Development Studies Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development Political Economy Aspects PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264019375
Size: 68.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 130
View: 7415

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Book Description: This volume uses sectoral case studies to illustrate that achieving change in structural policies such as subsidies depends largely on good governance practices.

Environment And Fiscal Reforms In India

Environment and Fiscal Reforms in India PDF
Author: D. K. Srivastava
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 9351504654
Size: 18.70 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 1530

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Book Description: India is, at present, embarking upon a major reform of its indirect tax system. This book highlights the importance of an integrated fiscal regime promoting innovations in efficient resource management, taxing polluting inputs and outputs, and spreading awareness about the problems facing the environment and its inter-dependent systems. The current structure of taxation in India, the book underlines, is characterized by inadequacies such as cascading, multiple tax rates and inter-state sales tax, fragmenting the all-India market. The ongoing fiscal reforms are aimed at ushering a comprehensive goods and services tax (GST) to address these concerns. The book argues in favour of integrating environmental considerations in the GST regime. It emphasizes the importance of eco-taxes on polluting inputs and outputs—at a higher effective rate—taking both the central and the state taxes into account. The book will be indispensable to students and scholars of public economics, public finance, environmental economics, ecological studies as well as policymakers, policy analysts and the informed general reader.

Getting It Right Strategic Agenda For Reforms In Mexico

Getting It Right Strategic Agenda for Reforms in Mexico PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264190325
Size: 51.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 892

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Book Description: Getting it Right is one of the most complete toolkits that the OECD has designed to help a country at the start of a new government administration.

The Reform Of Energy Subsidies For The Enhancement Of Marine Sustainability An Empirical Analysis Of Energy Subsidies Worldwide And An In Depth Case Study Of South Korea S Energy Subsidy Policies

The Reform of Energy Subsidies for the Enhancement of Marine Sustainability  An Empirical Analysis of Energy Subsidies Worldwide and an In depth Case Study of South Korea s Energy Subsidy Policies PDF
Author: Jae Hyun Shim
Publisher:
ISBN: 9788392914082
Size: 28.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 2590

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Book Description: For successful energy subsidy reforms, the government, NGOs, and private market should cooperate. Specifically, NGOs' role in monitoring and pushing government's energy subsidy reform is invaluable, considering the limits of modern bureaucracy and the profit-oriented market character. Most environmental problems, including global warming, have a close relation with fossil fuel and nuclear energy use. Historically, these energy systems have become entrenched deeply in society through energy subsidy policy. Energy subsidy reforms are a key to the environmental problem and accelerated transition to renewable energy.

Oecd Annual Report 2004

OECD Annual Report 2004 PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264019723
Size: 72.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 136
View: 2914

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Book Description: A comprehensive report on OECD activities in 2003-2004.

Paying The Polluter

Paying the Polluter PDF
Author: Frans H. Oosterhuis
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 178254531X
Size: 18.18 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 2103

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Book Description: Demonstrating how subsidy reform may contribute to a better environment, support fiscal reform and address social and economic objectives, this authoritative book will appeal to policy makers and their advisors all over the world. It will also be a use