Public Engagement And Clinical Trials

Public Engagement and Clinical Trials PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309219329
Size: 71.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 140
View: 6181

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Book Description: Clinical trials provide essential information needed to turn basic medical research findings into patient treatments. New treatments must be studied in large numbers of humans to find out whether they are effective and to assess any harm that may arise from treatment. There is growing recognition among many stakeholders that the U.S. clinical trials enterprise is unable to keep pace with the national demand for research results. The IOM, along with the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, held a workshop June 27-28, 2011, to engage stakeholders and experts in a discussion about possible solutions to improve public engagement in clinical trials.

Public Engagement And Clinical Trials New Models And Disruptive Technologies

Public Engagement and Clinical Trials  New Models and Disruptive Technologies PDF
Author: Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309219302
Size: 69.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 121
View: 3560

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Book Description: Clinical trials provide essential information needed to turn basic medical research findings into patient treatments. New treatments must be studied in large numbers of humans to find out whether they are effective and to assess any harm that may arise from treatment. There is growing recognition among many stakeholders that the U.S. clinical trials enterprise is unable to keep pace with the national demand for research results. The IOM, along with the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, held a workshop June 27-28, 2011, to engage stakeholders and experts in a discussion about possible solutions to improve public engagement in clinical trials.

Health Literacy In Clinical Practice And Public Health

Health Literacy in Clinical Practice and Public Health PDF
Author: R.A. Logan
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1643680757
Size: 38.86 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 616
View: 2855

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Book Description: “Health literacy is the ultimate global currency of health and well-being. Without health literacy, medicine fails, public health fails, and people pay the cost for these failures with their lives. As this book goes to press, the world is confronted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Improving health literacy becomes increasingly important if we are to successfully confront the challenges that stress our systems of medicine and public health like never before.” (Richard H. Carmona, M.D., M.P.H., FACS, former Surgeon General of the United States, in his foreword to this book.) Two years ago, HTI published the book Health Literacy: New Directions in Research, Theory and Practice. Together with that earlier volume, this book: Health Literacy in Clinical Practice and Public Health: New Initiatives and Lessons Learned at the Intersection with other Disciplines, strives to enumerate and expand our understanding of the multidisciplinary connections which underpin the field of health literacy. The book’s balance between research and practice is a response to the feedback the editors received about the previous publication, which focused more on HL theory and research. With reports of specific health literacy research initiatives and interventions, particularly in clinical practice and public health, the book covers contemporary health literacy research and practice and is divided into three sections. Section one explores health literacy’s capacity to foster progress in clinical practice and public health; section two provides insights into health literacy initiatives and lessons learned from diverse healthcare stakeholders; and section three examines health literacy’s similarities with – and differences from – related health research disciplines. The book sets the practice and research of health literacy on an evidence-based, thoughtful, effective, efficient, and applied course. As Dr Richard Carmona says in his foreword: “It is enthusiastically recommended for all health and medical practitioners and researchers.”

Research Communication In The Social And Human Sciences

Research Communication in the Social and Human Sciences PDF
Author: Céline Beaudet
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub
ISBN:
Size: 67.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 215
View: 5169

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Book Description: The sharing of knowledge is one of the key elements of a society's economic, social, scientific and cultural development. Social and human science research addresses some of society's most pressing problems, such as poverty, illiteracy, high dropout rates in schools, marginalization of social groups to name but a few. Despite its vital role in building a civil society, research in the social and human sciences has been criticized for being little known by the public. This lack of large-scale visibility detracts from its social and scientific significance and legitimacy in a media-driven society. To address this pressing need for sharing social and human science knowledge and to overcome the paradox of its invisibility, this book brings together researchers from across disciplines in the social and human sciences who have identified the challenges in communicating across boundaries of researcher and practitioner communities and who have begun to develop solutions ranging from research dissemination in the media to stakeholder engagement in research networks and partnerships.

Transforming Clinical Research In The United States

Transforming Clinical Research in the United States PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309163354
Size: 35.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 150
View: 6826

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Book Description: An ideal health care system relies on efficiently generating timely, accurate evidence to deliver on its promise of diminishing the divide between clinical practice and research. There are growing indications, however, that the current health care system and the clinical research that guides medical decisions in the United States falls far short of this vision. The process of generating medical evidence through clinical trials in the United States is expensive and lengthy, includes a number of regulatory hurdles, and is based on a limited infrastructure. The link between clinical research and medical progress is also frequently misunderstood or unsupported by both patients and providers. The focus of clinical research changes as diseases emerge and new treatments create cures for old conditions. As diseases evolve, the ultimate goal remains to speed new and improved medical treatments to patients throughout the world. To keep pace with rapidly changing health care demands, clinical research resources need to be organized and on hand to address the numerous health care questions that continually emerge. Improving the overall capacity of the clinical research enterprise will depend on ensuring that there is an adequate infrastructure in place to support the investigators who conduct research, the patients with real diseases who volunteer to participate in experimental research, and the institutions that organize and carry out the trials. To address these issues and better understand the current state of clinical research in the United States, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation held a 2-day workshop entitled Transforming Clinical Research in the United States. The workshop, summarized in this volume, laid the foundation for a broader initiative of the Forum addressing different aspects of clinical research. Future Forum plans include further examining regulatory, administrative, and structural barriers to the effective conduct of clinical research; developing a vision for a stable, continuously funded clinical research infrastructure in the United States; and considering strategies and collaborative activities to facilitate more robust public engagement in the clinical research enterprise.

Case Studies In Public Health Ethics

Case Studies in Public Health Ethics PDF
Author: Steven Scott Coughlin
Publisher: Amer Public Health Assn
ISBN:
Size: 71.39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 139
View: 6222

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Book Description: "This new edition covers issues of privacy and confidentiality protection, informed consent in public health research, the ethics of randomized trials, vulnerable populations, genetic discrimination, AIDS prevention and treatment, health care reform, scientific misconduct, conflicts of interest, intellectual property, and more."--Publisher's description.

Understanding Medical Professionalism

Understanding Medical Professionalism PDF
Author: American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071807446
Size: 31.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3457

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Book Description: A groundbreaking text on how to deliver the highest quality patient care through professionalism in daily medical practice Five Star Doody’s Review: “This is an outstanding book for all clinicians and professors, indeed for everyone in medicine to help mentor and self-police the medical profession.” "Understanding Medical Professionalism is a 'must-have' for all involved in the healing arts. The book demystifies professionalism, bringing it from a philosophical, mystical concept to a practical everyday set of behaviors. The twelve chapters, in a uniform way, provide wonderful, real-life stories that illustrate the challenges faced by practitioners, describe ways to deal with those challenges, and help develop the personal and institutional skills necessary to provide excellent and compassionate care." -- Carlos A. Pellegrini, MD, FACS, FRCSI (Hon.), The Henry N. Harkins Professor and Chair, Department of Surgery, University of Washington "Insightful, practical, and authoritative. Building on their own research and that of others, Levinson et al. offer a comprehensive discussion of medical professionalism from the refreshing perspective of behavioral skills and an enabling healthcare system. Understanding Medical Professionalism has fundamentally reframed the professionalism debate and will likely remain the definitive work in this field for quite some time." -- David G. Nichols, MD, President and CEO, The American Board of Pediatrics "The authors' ambitious goal of providing a framework for the continuum of physician development of professional behaviors, from student through expert senior clinician, has been met. Students will find the text modular and instructive; residents will benefit from the reinforcement of positive professional behaviors and explication of strategies to excel in this competency; educational program directors will find the framework and tools for assessment and strategies for remediation enriching; and the expert professional will find subtle opportunities to grow to mastership of this most important physician competency." -- Thomas J. Nasca, MD, MACP, Chief Executive Officer, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Professor of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College "The authors offer a framework and an approach to medical professionalism that enable us to understand it, teach it, and incorporate it into our day-to-day lives as health professionals. It is a much needed addition to our armamentarium as we work to align the education of health professionals with the needs and expectations of the society we serve." -- George E. Thibault, MD, President, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation

The Access Principle

The Access Principle PDF
Author: John Willinsky
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press
ISBN:
Size: 23.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 287
View: 4773

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Book Description: Questions about access to scholarship have always raged. The great libraries of the past stood as arguments for increasing access. John Willinsky describes the latest chapter in this ongoing story - online open access publishing by scholarly journals andmakes a case for open access as a public good.