Ontological Questions In Linguistics

Ontological Questions in Linguistics PDF
Author: Jan W. F. Mulder
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language and languages
Languages : en
Pages : 169
View: 6942

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Book Description:

Quantifiers Quantifiers And Quantifiers Themes In Logic Metaphysics And Language

Quantifiers  Quantifiers  and Quantifiers  Themes in Logic  Metaphysics  and Language PDF
Author: Alessandro Torza
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319183621
Size: 59.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 526
View: 1329

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Book Description: This volume covers a wide range of topics that fall under the 'philosophy of quantifiers', a philosophy that spans across multiple areas such as logic, metaphysics, epistemology and even the history of philosophy. It discusses the import of quantifier variance in the model theory of mathematics. It advances an argument for the uniqueness of quantifier meaning in terms of Evert Beth’s notion of implicit definition and clarifies the oldest explicit formulation of quantifier variance: the one proposed by Rudolf Carnap. The volume further examines what it means that a quantifier can have multiple meanings and addresses how existential vagueness can induce vagueness in our modal notions. Finally, the book explores the role played by quantifiers with respect to various kinds of semantic paradoxes, the logicality issue, ontological commitment, and the behavior of quantifiers in intensional contexts.

Ontolinguistics

Ontolinguistics PDF
Author: Andrea C. Schalley
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110197790
Size: 24.42 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 494
View: 2613

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Book Description: Current progress in linguistic theorizing is more and more informed by cross-linguistic (including cross-modal) investigation. Comparison of languages relies crucially on the concepts that can be coded with similar effort in all languages. These concepts are part of every language user's ontology, the network of cross-connected conceptualizations the mind uses in coping with the world. Assuming that language comparability is rooted in the comparability of user ontologies, the idea of the present volume is to further instigate progress in linguistics by looking behind the interface with the conceptual-intentional system and asking a still underexplored question: How are ontological structures reflected in intra- and cross-linguistic regularities? This question defines the research program of ontology based linguistics or ontolinguistics. Recent advances in the theory of language have been characterized by an emphasis on external explanatory adequacy and thus on relating language to other phenomena. The research program introduced in this volume adds a decisively distinct and fresh aspect to this emerging new contextualization of the field by bringing together insights from different areas, mainly linguistics, but also neuroscience, philosophy, and artificial intelligence. In providing these disciplines with a new common task, the exploration of the impact of ontological structures on linguistic regularities, the ontolinguistic approach promises to develop into a vital branch of cognitive science. Documenting the beginnings, the book aims to instigate future interdisciplinary research in this area. It will be of interest to researchers in linguistics, artificial intelligence, philosophy, and cognitive science in general.

Essays In Linguistic Ontology

Essays in Linguistic Ontology PDF
Author: Jack Kaminsky
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 197
View: 3942

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Book Description: “Metaphysical questions relating to what ex­ists do not seem to fade away” notes Jack Kaminsky in this book, which takes as its starting point the Quinian view that we de­termine what exists by means of the formal systems we construct to explain the world. This starting point, Kaminsky points out, is not novel; philosophers have often tried to construct formal systems, and from these systems they have been able to deduce what can be said to exist. Contemporary formal systems are different from earlier ones, how­ever, because they make more extensive use of the results of linguistics, logic, and mathe­matics studies. But these contemporary formal systems also must state eventually what their commitments to existence are, and they must be able to show their commit­ments to be free of paradox, ambiguity, and contradiction. Given these conditions, Kaminsky exam­ines the difficulties inherent in the existence claims of contemporary formal language systems. To do this he uses only a minimum of the technical elements of propositional and first-order quantificational logic. He concludes: many existential commitments are relative to the formal systems of time; some commitments seem to be absolute; and some problems—those relating to vacuous terms—arise only because no distinction is made between humanly constructed objects and naturally constructed objects.

Dependencies In Language

Dependencies in language PDF
Author: N. J. Enfield
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3946234887
Size: 72.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 225
View: 718

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Book Description: Dependency is a fundamental concept in the analysis of linguistic systems. The many if-then statements offered in typology and grammar-writing imply a casually real notion of dependency that is central to the claim being made—usually with reference to widely varying timescales and types of processes. But despite the importance of the concept of dependency in our work, its nature is seldom defined or made explicit. This book brings together experts on language, representing descriptive linguistics, language typology, functional/cognitive linguistics, cognitive science, research on gesture and other semiotic systems, developmental psychology, psycholinguistics, and linguistic anthropology to address the following question: What kinds of dependencies exist among language-related systems, and how do we define and explain them in natural, causal terms?

Education And The Ontological Question

Education and the Ontological Question PDF
Author: Kaustuv Roy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030111784
Size: 71.21 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 4302

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Book Description: This book identifies and expands upon the link between ontology and education, exposing a lack of ontological inquiry as the vital missing element in the study and practice of modern education today. In this book, Roy aims to reintroduce ontological thinking and reasoning that grounds historical and modern educational understandings and practice. Beginning with a historical perspective, he then turns to examine the results of his scholarship into practical concerns of education such as language, dialogue, and curriculum: ultimately proposing a new way forward emphasizing a balance in the education effort between epistemic content and ontological disclosure.

Formal Ontology In The Fourteenth Century

Formal Ontology in the Fourteenth Century PDF
Author: Rondo Patten Keele
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 26.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 606
View: 6587

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Book Description:

Bibliographie Linguistischer Literatur

Bibliographie linguistischer Literatur PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 40.85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language and languages
Languages : de
Pages :
View: 3756

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Book Description:

Analytic Philosophy In America

Analytic Philosophy in America PDF
Author: Scott Soames
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 069117640X
Size: 67.61 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 376
View: 5626

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Book Description: In this collection of recent and unpublished essays, leading analytic philosopher Scott Soames traces milestones in his field from its beginnings in Britain and Germany in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, through its subsequent growth in the United States, up to its present as the world's most vigorous philosophical tradition. The central essay chronicles how analytic philosophy developed in the United States out of American pragmatism, the impact of European visitors and immigrants, the midcentury transformation of the Harvard philosophy department, and the rapid spread of the analytic approach that followed. Another essay explains the methodology guiding analytic philosophy, from the logicism of Frege and Russell through Wittgenstein's linguistic turn and Carnap's vision of replacing metaphysics with philosophy of science. Further essays review advances in logic and the philosophy of mathematics that laid the foundation for a rigorous, scientific study of language, meaning, and information. Other essays discuss W.V.O. Quine, David K. Lewis, Saul Kripke, the Frege-Russell analysis of quantification, Russell's attempt to eliminate sets with his "no class theory," and the Quine-Carnap dispute over meaning and ontology. The collection then turns to topics at the frontier of philosophy of language. The final essays, combining philosophy of language and law, advance a sophisticated originalist theory of interpretation and apply it to U.S. constitutional rulings about due process.