Modern Thermodynamics

Modern Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Dilip Kondepudi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118698703
Size: 66.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 552
View: 563

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Book Description: Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to 20th century thermodynamics that can be applied to both equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems, unifying what was traditionally divided into ‘thermodynamics’ and ‘kinetics’ into one theory of irreversible processes. This comprehensive text, suitable for introductory as well as advanced courses on thermodynamics, has been widely used by chemists, physicists, engineers and geologists. Fully revised and expanded, this new edition includes the following updates and features: Includes a completely new chapter on Principles of Statistical Thermodynamics. Presents new material on solar and wind energy flows and energy flows of interest to engineering. Covers new material on self-organization in non-equilibrium systems and the thermodynamics of small systems. Highlights a wide range of applications relevant to students across physical sciences and engineering courses. Introduces students to computational methods using updated Mathematica codes. Includes problem sets to help the reader understand and apply the principles introduced throughout the text. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material provided online at http://sites.google.com/site/modernthermodynamics/. Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures, Second Edition is an essential resource for undergraduate and graduate students taking a course in thermodynamics.

Modern Thermodynamics

Modern Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Jitao Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642113494
Size: 14.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 279
View: 2261

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Book Description: "Modern Thermodynamics- Based on the Extended Carnot Theorem" provides comprehensive definitions and mathematical expressions of both classical and modern thermodynamics. The goal is to develop the fundamental theory on an extended Carnot theorem without incorporating any extraneous assumptions. In particular, it offers a fundamental thermodynamic and calculational methodology for the synthesis of low-pressure diamonds. It also discusses many "abnormal phenomena", such as spiral reactions, cyclic reactions, chemical oscillations, low-pressure carat-size diamond growth, biological systems, and more. The book is intended for chemists and physicists working in thermodynamics, chemical thermodynamics, phase diagrams, biochemistry and complex systems, as well as graduate students in these fields. Jitao Wang is a professor emeritus at Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Principles Of Modern Thermodynamics

Principles of Modern Thermodynamics  PDF
Author: Bimalendu Narayan Roy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN:
Size: 17.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 569
View: 5196

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Book Description: The intention is to provide a sound understanding of both the fundamental physical principles of thermodynamics and the more advanced concepts of the subject.

Modern Thermodynamics By The Methods Of Willard Gibbs

Modern Thermodynamics by the Methods of Willard Gibbs PDF
Author: Edward Armand Guggenheim
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 39.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Thermodynamics
Languages : en
Pages : 206
View: 5603

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Book Description:

Modern Thermodynamics With Statistical Mechanics

Modern Thermodynamics with Statistical Mechanics PDF
Author: Carl S. Helrich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540854185
Size: 52.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 402
View: 5472

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Book Description: Thermodynamics is not the oldest of sciences. Mechanics can make that claim. Thermodynamicsisaproductofsomeofthegreatestscienti?cmindsofthe19thand 20th centuries. But it is suf?ciently established that most authors of new textbooks in thermodynamics ?nd it necessary to justify their writing of yet another textbook. I ?nd this an unnecessary exercise because of the centrality of thermodynamics as a science in physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. I do acknowledge, however, that instruction in thermodynamics often leaves the student in a confused state. My attempt in this book is to present thermodynamics in as simple and as uni?ed a form as possible. As teachers we identify the failures of our own teachers and attempt to correct them. Although I personally acknowledge with a deep gratitude the appreciation for thermodynamics that I found as an undergraduate, I also realize that my teachers did not convey to me the sweeping grandeur of thermodynamics. Speci?cally the s- plicity and the power that James Clerk Maxwell found in the methods of Gibbs were not part of my undergraduate experience. Unfortunately some modern authors also seem to miss this central theme, choosing instead to introduce the thermodynamic potentials as only useful functions at various points in the development.

Exam Prep For Modern Thermodynamics

Exam Prep for  Modern Thermodynamics PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 47.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description:

Modern Thermodynamics

Modern Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813200760
Size: 54.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 372
View: 7093

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Book Description: This textbook introduces thermodynamics with a modern approach, starting from four fundamental physical facts (the atomic nature of matter, the indistinguishability of atoms and molecules of the same species, the uncertainty principle, and the existence of equilibrium states) and analyzing the behavior of complex systems with the tools of information theory, in particular with Shannon's measure of information (or SMI), which can be defined on any probability distribution. SMI is defined and its properties and time evolution are illustrated, and it is shown that the entropy is a particular type of SMI, i.e. the SMI related to the phase-space distribution for a macroscopic system at equilibrium. The connection to SMI allows the reader to understand what entropy is and why isolated systems follow the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The Second Llaw is also formulated for other systems, not thermally isolated and even open with respect to the transfer of particles. All the fundamental aspects of thermodynamics are derived and illustrated with several examples in the first part of the book. The second part addresses important applications of thermodynamics, covering phase transitions, mixtures and solutions (including the Kirkwood-Buff approach and solvation thermodynamics), chemical equilibrium, and the outstanding properties of water.This textbook is unique in two aspects. First, thermodynamics is introduced with a novel approach, based on information theory applied to macroscopic systems at equilibrium. It is shown that entropy is a particular case of Shannon's measure of information (SMI), and the properties and time evolution of the SMI are used to explain the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This represents a real breakthrough, as classical thermodynamics cannot explain entropy, nor clarify why systems should obey the Second Law. Second, this textbook offers the reader the possibility to get in touch with important and advanced applications of thermodynamics, to address the topics discussed in the second part of the book. Although they may go beyond the content of a typical introductory course on thermodynamics, some of them can be important in the curriculum chosen by the student. At the same time, they are of appealing interest to more advance scholars.

Modern Thermodynamics For Chemists And Biochemists

Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists PDF
Author: Dennis Sherwood
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198782950
Size: 40.41 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 912
View: 6007

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Book Description: Thermodynamics is fundamental to university and college curricula in chemistry, physics, engineering and many life sciences around the world. It is also notoriously difficult for students to understand, learn and apply. What makes this book different, and special, is the clarity of the text. The writing style is fluid, natural and lucid, and everything is explained in a logical and transparent manner. Thermodynamics is a deep, and important, branch of science, and this book does not make it "easy". But it does make it intelligible. This book introduces a new, 'Fourth Law' of Thermodynamics' based on the notion of Gibbs free energy, which underpins almost every application of thermodynamics and which the authors claim is worthy of recognition as a 'law'. The last four chapters bring thermodynamics into the twenty-first century, dealing with bioenergetics (how living systems capture and use free energy), macromolecule assembly (how proteins fold), and macromolecular aggregation (how, for example, virus capsids assemble). This is of great current relevance to students of biochemistry, biochemical engineering and pharmacy, and is covered in very few other texts on thermodynamics. The book also contains many novel and effective examples, such as the explanation of why friction is irreversible, the proof of the depression of the freezing point, and the explanation of the biochemical standard state.

Modern Thermodynamics

Modern Thermodynamics PDF
Author: Nora Jonas
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781682855898
Size: 61.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 239
View: 1062

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Book Description: This book is a valuable compilation of topics, ranging from the basic to the most complex advancements in the field of thermodynamics. It explores the modern systems and principles introduced in this field. Thermodynamics is the study of the relation of heat and temperature with forms of energy. It is based on four principal laws that define and characterize physical quantities. The technological progress over the years has fueled the advancements in the field of thermodynamics. The prevalent thermodynamic principles and concepts have applications across a range of fields such as chemical engineering, industrial ecology, physical chemistry, etc. The data collated in this book provides in-depth knowledge about the modern theories of thermodynamics. The extensive content herein will be helpful for those who want to broaden the expanse of their knowledge in this area of study.