Migration Remittances Poverty And Human Capital

Migration  Remittances  Poverty  and Human Capital PDF
Author: David J. McKenzie
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0707061539
Size: 33.97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Emigration and immigration
Languages : en
Pages : 16
View: 1059

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Book Description: This paper reviews common challenges faced by researchers interested in measuring the impact of migration and remittances on income, poverty, inequality, and human capital (or, in general, "welfare") as well as difficulties confronting development practitioners in converting this research into policy advice. On the analytical side, the paper discusses the proper formulation of a research question, the choice of the analytical tools, as well as the interpretation of the results in the presence of pervasive endogeneity in all decisions surrounding migration. Particular attention is given to the use of instrumental variables in migration research. On the policy side, the paper argues that the private nature of migration and remittances implies a need to carefully spell out the rationale for interventions. It also notices the lack of good migration data and proper evaluations of migration-related government policies. The paper focuses mainly on microeconomic evidence about international migration, but much of the discussion extends to other settings as well.

The Impact Of Remittances On Poverty And Human Capital

The Impact of Remittances on Poverty and Human Capital PDF
Author: Pablo Acosta
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Size: 40.51 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Debt Markets
Languages : en
Pages : 37
View: 7278

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Book Description: This paper explores the impact of remittances on poverty, education, and health in 11 Latin American countries using nationally representative household surveys and making an explicit attempt to account for one of the inherent costs associated with migration -- the potential income that the migrant may have made at home. The main findings of the study are the following: (1) regardless of the counterfactual used remittances appear to lower poverty levels in most recipient countries; (2) yet despite this general tendency, the estimated impacts tend to be modes; and (3) there is significant country heterogeneity in the poverty reduction impact of remittances' flows. Among the aspects that have been identified in the paper that may lead to varying outcomes across countries are the percentage of households reporting remittances income, the share of remittances of recipient households belonging to the lowest quintiles of the income distribution, and the relative importance of remittances flows with respect to GDP. While remittances tend to have positive effects on education and health, this impact is often restricted to specific groups of the population.

International Migration Remittances And The Brain Drain

International Migration  Remittances  and the Brain Drain PDF
Author: Maurice Schiff
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821363744
Size: 11.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7069

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Book Description: International migration, the movement of people across international boundaries, has enormous economic, social and cultural implications in both origin and destination countries. Using original research, this title examines the determinants of migration, the impact of remittances and migration on poverty, welfare, and investment decisions, and the consequences of brain drain, brain gain, and brain waste.

Remittance Markets In Africa

Remittance Markets in Africa PDF
Author: Sanket Mohapatra
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Size: 41.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 1797

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Book Description: Remittance markets in Sub-Saharan Africa : an overview / Sanket Mohapatra and Dilip Ratha. Remittance markets in remittance-receiving countries. Burkina Faso / Yiriyibin Bambio -- Cape Verde / Georgiana Pop -- Ethiopia / Alemayehu Geda and Jacqueline Irving -- Ghana / Peter Quartey -- Kenya / Rose Ngugi -- Nigeria / Chukwuma Agu -- Senegal / Fatou Cisse -- Uganda / Rose Ngugi. Remittance markets in remittance-source countries. France / Frederic Ponsot -- United Kingdom / Leon Isaacs.

International Migration Economic Development And Policy

International Migration  Economic Development  and Policy PDF
Author: Çaglar Özden
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN:
Size: 24.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 299
View: 2661

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Book Description: This second volume provides thinking on new topics in the field of international migration, and presents nine additional studies covering countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, North America, South Asia and the Pacific, as well as Western Europe.

Border Lines

Border lines PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Hispanic Americans
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7444

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Book Description: Border-Lines is an interdisciplinary academic journal dedicated to the dissemination of research on Chicana/o-Latina/o cultural, political, and social issues.

South Asia Bulletin

South Asia Bulletin PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : South Asia
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4317

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Book Description:

Customer Market Power And The Provision Of Trade Credit

Customer Market Power and the Provision of Trade Credit PDF
Author: Neeltje van Horen
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Size: 68.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Access to Finance
Languages : en
Pages : 20
View: 6169

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Book Description: Statistics show that the sale of goods on credit is widespread among firms even when they are capital constrained and thus face relatively high costs in providing trade credit. This study provides an explanation for this by arguing that customers who possess strong market power are able to increase their customer surplus by demanding to purchase the goods on credit. This gain in customer surplus increases with the degree of asymmetric information between buyer and seller with respect to product quality. Therefore, firms that are perceived as risky are especially subject to the market power of the customer and have to sell their goods on credit. Using detailed firm-level data from a large number of firms in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, this study finds evidence consistent with this hypothesis. It finds a strong positive correlation between customer market power and trade credit provision. Furthermore, this relationship is especially strong when the supplier is more risky and in countries with limited financial sector development or a weak legal system.

Public Choice And Economic Growth

Public Choice and Economic Growth PDF
Author: Francisco Baraona
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638191443
Size: 77.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 17
View: 1089

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Book Description: Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2002 im Fachbereich VWL - Finanzwissenschaft, Note: 2,7, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Öffentliche Finanzwischenschaft), Veranstaltung: Public Choice, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Public Choice Ansichten zur Begründung von Wirtschaftswachstum wurden lange Zeit als nachrangiges Forschungsgebiet betrachtet, da moderne makroökonomische Wachstumstheorien den Prozess des Wirtschaftswachstums bis 1989 gut erklärt haben. Doch der Fall der Berliner Mauer und der Zerfall der Sowjetunion zeigten deutlich, dass politische Institutionen eine wesentlich bedeutendere Rolle in einem Wachstumsprozess spielen als vorher angenommen. Der Versuch, in den ex-kommunistischen Ländern durch die Implementierung demokratischer Systeme das Wirtschaftswachstum anzukurbeln, scheiterte, da gewisse Kriterien nicht erfüllt wurden. Diese Kriterien und empirischen Untersuchungen werde ich unter Punkt 2 vorstellen und erläutern. Die klassischen Wachstumsmodelle wurden vorrangig als Analyseinstrument zur Betrachtung der wesentlichen Wirtschaftswachstumsfaktoren benutzt. Als Basis dieser Betrachtungen galt die Produktionsfunktion. Politische und wirtschaftliche Institutionen wurden als vernachlässigbar betrachtet. Wirtschaftswachstum wurde durch Steigerung des Inputs und / oder durch bessere Ausnutzung der vorhandenen Ressourcen generiert (Human und Physisches Kapital und Technologischer Fortschritt), wobei eine dem Wachstum dienliche institutionelle Struktur vorausgesetzt wurde. Nach dem Zerfall der kommunistischen Systeme änderte sich der Schwerpunkt des Interessensgebietes von Public Choice. Der Fokus der Betrachtungen verschob sich vom Prozess politischer Willensbildung zu der institutionellen Betrachtung. Die Public Choice Betrachtung sieht in erster Linie Markt-Institutionen als wesentlichen Stimulierungsfaktor des Wirtschaftswachstums an. Sie betrachtet, im Gegensatz zu den modernen Wirtschaftsmodellen, institutionelle Rahmenbedingungen nicht als hinreichende Bedingung, sondern vielmehr als notwendige Bedingung. Um richtige politische Entscheidungen treffen zu können mit dem Ziel, Wirtschaftswachstum zu fördern, muss man also sowohl den Public Choice Ansatz als auch die modernen Wachstumsmodelle nehmen. Politische Entscheidungsträger müssen die richtige institutionelle Umgebung schaffen, damit Marktkräfte sich entfalten und Wirtschaftswachstum entstehen können. Die politischen Entscheider müssen sich in erster Linie also mit der Schaffung richtiger Strukturen beschäftigen, der Markt übernimmt dann die Steuerung der Ressourcen. [...]

Governance Matters Vi

Governance Matters VI PDF
Author: Daniel Kaufmann
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 42.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Economic development
Languages : en
Pages : 93
View: 3165

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Book Description: This paper reports on the latest update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project covering 212 countries and territories and measuring six dimensions of governance between 1996 and 2006: voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption. This latest set of aggregate indicators are based on hundreds of specific and disaggregated individual variables measuring various dimensions of governance taken from 33 data sources provided by 30 different organizations. The data reflect the views on governance of public sector, private sector, and nongovernmental organization experts, as well as thousands of citizen and firm survey respondents worldwide. The paper also explicitly reports the margins of error accompanying each country estimate. These reflect the inherent difficulties in measuring governance using any kind of data. It finds that even after taking margins of error into account, the WGI permit meaningful cross-country comparisons, as well as monitoring progress over time. In less than a decade, a substantial number of countries exhibit statistically significant improvements in at least one dimension of governance, while other countries exhibit deterioration in some dimensions. The decade-long aggregate indicators, together with the disaggregated individual indicators, are available in a newly-redesigned website at www.govindicators.org.