Microbiology Of Extreme Soils

Microbiology of Extreme Soils PDF
Author: Patrice Dion
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540742319
Size: 66.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 369
View: 4825

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Book Description: This volume provides a comprehensive coverage of the principal extreme soil ecosystems of natural and anthropogenic origin. Extreme soils oppose chemical or physical limits to colonization by most soil organisms and present the microbiologist with exciting opportunities. Described here are a range of fascinating environments from permafrost to Martian soils. The book includes chapters on basic research in addition to applications in biotechnology and bioremediation.

Microbiology Of Extreme Environments

Microbiology of Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Clive Edwards
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
ISBN:
Size: 10.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 218
View: 1665

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Book Description:

Microbiomes Of Extreme Environments

Microbiomes of Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780367682682
Size: 58.63 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 1591

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Book Description: The extreme microbiomes are those microorganisms thriving under extreme conditions where no other living being will have any chance to survive. The extreme habitats are those presenting high temperatures (thermophiles), low temperature (psychrophiles), hypersaline environments (halophiles), low and high pH (Acidophiles/alkaliphiles), high pressure (Piezophiles) are distributed worldwide. The extreme habitats have proved to offer a unique reservoir of genetic diversity and biological source of extremophiles. The extremophilic microbial diversity and their biotechnological potential use in agricultural and industrial applications will be a milestone for future needs. Extremophiles and their cell components, therefore, are expected to play an important role in the chemical, food, pharmaceutical, paper and textile industries as well as environmental biotechnology.

Microbial Ecology Of Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Caroline Chénard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319516844
Size: 72.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283
View: 7501

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Book Description: This book explores microbial lifestyles, biochemical adaptations, and trophic interactions occurring in extreme environments. By summarizing the latest findings in the field it provides a valuable reference for future studies. Spark ideas for biotechnological and commercial exploitation of microbiomes at the extremes of life are presented. Chapters on viruses complement this highly informative book. In a vertical journey through the microbial biosphere it covers aspects of cold environments, hot environments, extreme saline environments, and extreme pressure environments, and more. From the deep sea, through polar deserts, up to the clouds in the air - the diversity of microbial life in all habitats is described, explored, and comprehensively reviewed. Possible biotechnical applications are discussed. /div This book aims to provide a useful reference for those who want to start a research program in extreme microbiology and, hopefully, inspire new research directions.

Environmental Microbiology

Environmental Microbiology PDF
Author: Ian L. Pepper
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080919409
Size: 43.52 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 624
View: 2230

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Book Description: For microbiology and environmental microbiology courses, this leading textbook builds on the academic success of the previous edition by including a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of environmental microbiology as a discipline that has grown in scope and interest in recent years. From environmental science and microbial ecology to topics in molecular genetics, this edition relates environmental microbiology to the work of a variety of life science, ecology, and environmental science investigators. The authors and editors have taken the care to highlight links between environmental microbiology and topics important to our changing world such as bioterrorism and national security with sections on practical issues such as bioremediation, waterborne pathogens, microbial risk assessment, and environmental biotechnology. WHY ADOPT THIS EDITION? New chapters on: Urban Environmental Microbiology Bacterial Communities in Natural Ecosystems Global Change and Microbial Infectious Disease Microorganisms and Bioterrorism Extreme Environments (emphasizing the ecology of these environments) Aquatic Environments (now devoted to its own chapter- was combined with Extreme Environments) Updates to Methodologies: Nucleic Acid -Based Methods: microarrays, phyloarrays, real-time PCR, metagomics, and comparative genomics Physiological Methods: stable isotope fingerprinting and functional genomics and proteomics-based approaches Microscopic Techniques: FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) and atomic force microscopy Cultural Methods: new approaches to enhanced cultivation of environmental bacteria Environmental Sample Collection and Processing: added section on air sampling

Extremophiles Handbook

Extremophiles Handbook PDF
Author: Koki Horikoshi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431538976
Size: 48.46 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 608
View: 2454

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Book Description: The Extremophiles Handbook brings together the rapidly growing and often scattered information on microbial life in the whole range of extreme environments. This book will be a useful reference for finding clues to the origin of life and for exploring the biotechnology potential of these fascinating organisms.

Actinobacteria In Special And Extreme Habitats Diversity Function Roles And Environmental Adaptations

Actinobacteria in Special and Extreme Habitats  Diversity  Function Roles and Environmental Adaptations PDF
Author: Sheng Qin
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889450139
Size: 80.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7752

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Book Description: Actinobacteria are highly diverse prokaryotes that are ubiquitous in soil, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Although various studies have focused on the ecology of this phylum, data are still scant on the diversity, abundance and ecology of actinobacteria endemic to special and extreme environments, such as gut, plant, alkaline saline soil, deep sea sediments, hot springs and other habitats. Actinobacteria are well-known producers of a vast array of secondary metabolites, many of which have useful applications in medicine and agriculture. Furthermore, actinobacteria also have diverse functions in different environments apart from antibiotic production. For example, actinobacteria are reported to contribute to the break-down and recycling of organic compounds. They play a significant role in fixation of nitrogen, improvement plant growth, biodegradation, bioremediation and environmental protection. Therefore, understanding the actinobacterial diversity and distribution in such special environments is important in deciphering the ecological roles of these microorganisms and for biotechnological bioprospecting. Recent advances in cultivation, DNA sequencing technologies and -omics (metagenomics, metaproteomics etc) methods have greatly contributed to the rapid advancement of our understanding of microbial diversity, function and they interactions with environment. Furthermore, comparative genomic studies can provide overall information about actinobacterial speciation, evolution, metabolism and environment adaptation mechanisms. This research topic comprising reviews and original articles highlights the recent advances regarding the unexpectedly diverse/rare group of actinobacteria with special selective isolation methods or culture-independent methods, as well as their biological activities, ecophysiologica function and mechanisms from diverse special and extreme environments.

Molecular Mechanisms Of Plant And Microbe Coexistence

Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence PDF
Author: Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540755756
Size: 53.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 486
View: 1285

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Book Description: Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence presents studies on the complex and manifold interactions of plants and microbes at the population, genomics and proteomics level. The role of soil microbial diversity in enhancing plant health and plant microbe beneficial symbioses is discussed. Microbial communities are shown in the light of evolution. Main topics include genome coexistence and the functional genomics and proteomics of plant-associated microbes, which could form the basis for new environmentally benign strategies to combat infectious plant diseases and regulate plant growth. Further chapters focus on the role of signaling during the different stages of plant microbe coexistence, in symbiotic or pathogenic relationships, in quorum sensing and plant viral infections. Methods for studying the interactions in the root zone complement the book, which will certainly be of relevance in the practical application to agriculture, food security and for maintaining the balance of our ecosystems.

Enigmatic Microorganisms And Life In Extreme Environments

Enigmatic Microorganisms And Life In Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Joseph Seckbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402018633
Size: 52.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 687
View: 4898

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Book Description: This volume covers the fields of origin, evolution and phylogenesis from prokaryotic to eukaryotic cells. The eminent authors, experts in their fields, review the three kingdoms of life (Archea, Eubacteria and Eukarya) from molecular evolutionary levels to ecological aspects in enigmatic habitats, including general reviews of puzzling pro-and eukaryotic organisms and their domains. We discuss dry habitats, thermophilic (cells in hot springs and undersea thermal vents up to 110°C), psychrophilic (cryophiles) and halophilic (high salt concentrations) niches which among the harshest conditions found on Earth where microbial life is frequently detected. Some chapters deal with the organisms which grow in extreme pH conditions (acidity vs. alkalinity), and under hydrostatic pressure in the deep sea, and microbial growth on petroleum. Audience: Students, lecturers and researchers; scholars in the fields of biology, evolutionary biology and chemistry, and other evolutionary fields, and the intelligent layman.

Plant Based Remediation Processes

Plant Based Remediation Processes PDF
Author: Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642355641
Size: 77.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 299
View: 408

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Book Description: Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that employs higher plants for the clean-up of contaminated environments. Basic and applied research have unequivocally demonstrated that selected plant species possess the genetic potential to accumulate, degrade, metabolize and immobilize a wide range of contaminants. The main focus of this volume is on the recent advances of technologies using green plants for remediation of various metals and metalloids. Topics include biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution, amendments of higher uptake of toxic metals, transport of heavy metals in plants, and toxicity mechanisms. Further chapters discuss agro-technological methods for minimizing pollution while improving soil quality, transgenic approaches to heavy metal remediation and present protocols for metal remediation via in vitro root cultures.