Microbial Ecology Of Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Caroline Chénard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319516844
Size: 54.89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283
View: 5085

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Book Description: This book explores microbial lifestyles, biochemical adaptations, and trophic interactions occurring in extreme environments. By summarizing the latest findings in the field it provides a valuable reference for future studies. Spark ideas for biotechnological and commercial exploitation of microbiomes at the extremes of life are presented. Chapters on viruses complement this highly informative book. In a vertical journey through the microbial biosphere it covers aspects of cold environments, hot environments, extreme saline environments, and extreme pressure environments, and more. From the deep sea, through polar deserts, up to the clouds in the air - the diversity of microbial life in all habitats is described, explored, and comprehensively reviewed. Possible biotechnical applications are discussed. /div This book aims to provide a useful reference for those who want to start a research program in extreme microbiology and, hopefully, inspire new research directions.

Microbial Ecology Of Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Caroline Chénard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319516844
Size: 13.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : un
Pages : 283
View: 4701

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Book Description: This book explores microbial lifestyles, biochemical adaptations, and trophic interactions occurring in extreme environments. By summarizing the latest findings in the field it provides a valuable reference for future studies. Spark ideas for biotechnological and commercial exploitation of microbiomes at the extremes of life are presented. Chapters on viruses complement this highly informative book. In a vertical journey through the microbial biosphere it covers aspects of cold environments, hot environments, extreme saline environments, and extreme pressure environments, and more. From the deep sea, through polar deserts, up to the clouds in the air - the diversity of microbial life in all habitats is described, explored, and comprehensively reviewed. Possible biotechnical applications are discussed. /div This book aims to provide a useful reference for those who want to start a research program in extreme microbiology and, hopefully, inspire new research directions.

Microbiomes Of Extreme Environments

Microbiomes of Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780367682682
Size: 17.49 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 3950

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Book Description: The extreme microbiomes are those microorganisms thriving under extreme conditions where no other living being will have any chance to survive. The extreme habitats are those presenting high temperatures (thermophiles), low temperature (psychrophiles), hypersaline environments (halophiles), low and high pH (Acidophiles/alkaliphiles), high pressure (Piezophiles) are distributed worldwide. The extreme habitats have proved to offer a unique reservoir of genetic diversity and biological source of extremophiles. The extremophilic microbial diversity and their biotechnological potential use in agricultural and industrial applications will be a milestone for future needs. Extremophiles and their cell components, therefore, are expected to play an important role in the chemical, food, pharmaceutical, paper and textile industries as well as environmental biotechnology.

Environmental Microbiology

Environmental Microbiology PDF
Author: Ian L. Pepper
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080919409
Size: 10.96 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 624
View: 6025

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Book Description: For microbiology and environmental microbiology courses, this leading textbook builds on the academic success of the previous edition by including a comprehensive and up-to-date discussion of environmental microbiology as a discipline that has grown in scope and interest in recent years. From environmental science and microbial ecology to topics in molecular genetics, this edition relates environmental microbiology to the work of a variety of life science, ecology, and environmental science investigators. The authors and editors have taken the care to highlight links between environmental microbiology and topics important to our changing world such as bioterrorism and national security with sections on practical issues such as bioremediation, waterborne pathogens, microbial risk assessment, and environmental biotechnology. WHY ADOPT THIS EDITION? New chapters on: Urban Environmental Microbiology Bacterial Communities in Natural Ecosystems Global Change and Microbial Infectious Disease Microorganisms and Bioterrorism Extreme Environments (emphasizing the ecology of these environments) Aquatic Environments (now devoted to its own chapter- was combined with Extreme Environments) Updates to Methodologies: Nucleic Acid -Based Methods: microarrays, phyloarrays, real-time PCR, metagomics, and comparative genomics Physiological Methods: stable isotope fingerprinting and functional genomics and proteomics-based approaches Microscopic Techniques: FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) and atomic force microscopy Cultural Methods: new approaches to enhanced cultivation of environmental bacteria Environmental Sample Collection and Processing: added section on air sampling

Model Ecosystems In Extreme Environments

Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Pabulo Henrique Rampelotto
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128127421
Size: 42.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 450
View: 5275

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Book Description: Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments examines ecosystems at the most extreme habitats and their interaction with the environment, which is key to understanding the role and function of microorganisms in nature, and consequently the implications of life at local and global scales. It also highlights current topics in the field, such as biodiversity and the structure of microbial communities in extreme environments, the effects of extreme environmental conditions on microbial ecosystems, and ecological and evolutionary interactions in extreme environments, among many others. Model Ecosystems in Extreme Environments is a valuable text for an interdisciplinary audience, including faculty and students working with extremophiles and/or microbial ecology and researchers in a number of fields, including astrobiologists, biologists, evolutionary scientists, astronomers, geochemists, and oceanographers. Explores in detail how microbial ecosystems thrive in extreme environments Highlights the relevance of extremophiles as model ecosystems to the study of microbial ecology Examines how extreme ecosystems could help our search for life on other planets

Microbial Ecology Of Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecology of Extreme Environments PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : un
Pages :
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Book Description:

Microbial Evolution Under Extreme Conditions

Microbial Evolution under Extreme Conditions PDF
Author: Corien Bakermans
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110340712
Size: 79.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 3970

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Book Description: Today's microorganisms represent the vast majority of biodiversity on Earth and have survived nearly 4 billion years of evolutionary change. However, we still know little about the processes of evolution as applied to microorganisms and microbial populations. Microbial evolution occurred and continues to take place in a vast variety of environmental conditions that range from anoxic to oxic, from hot to cold, from free-living to symbiotic, etc. Some of these physicochemical conditions are considered "extreme", particularly when inhabitants are limited to microorganisms. It is easy to imagine that microbial life in extreme environments is somehow more constrained and perhaps subjected to different evolutionary pressures. But what do we actually know about microbial evolution under extreme conditions and how can we apply that knowledge to other conditions? Appealingly, extreme environments with their relatively limited numbers of inhabitants can serve as good model systems for the study of evolutionary processes. A look at the microbial inhabitants of today's extreme environments provides a snapshot in time of evolution and adaptation to extreme conditions. These adaptations manifest at different levels from established communities and species to genome content and changes in specific genes that result in altered function or gene expression. But as a recent (2011) report from the American Academy of Microbiology observes: "A complex issue in the study of microbial evolution is unraveling the process of evolution from that of adaptation. In many cases, microbes have the capacity to adapt to various environmental changes by changing gene expression or community composition as opposed to having to evolve entirely new capabilities." We have learned much about how microbes are adapted to extreme conditions but relatively little is known about these adaptations evolved. How did the different processes of evolution such as mutation, immigration, horizontal (lateral) gene transfer, recombination, hybridization, genetic drift, fixation, positive and negative selection, and selective screens contribute to the evolution of these genes, genomes, microbial species, communities, and functions? What are typical rates of these processes? How prevalent are each of these processes under different conditions? This book explores the current state of knowledge about microbial evolution under extreme conditions and addresses the following questions: What is known about the processes of microbial evolution (mechanisms, rates, etc.) under extreme conditions? Can this knowledge be applied to other systems and what is the broader relevance? What remains unknown and requires future research? These questions will be addressed from several perspectives including different extreme environments, specific organisms, and specific evolutionary processes.

Life In Extreme Environments

Life in Extreme Environments PDF
Author: Guido di Prisco
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108498566
Size: 15.12 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 394
View: 1805

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Book Description: A diverse account of how life exists in extreme environments and these systems' susceptibility and resilience to climate change.

Environmental Microbiology Fundamentals And Applications

Environmental Microbiology  Fundamentals and Applications PDF
Author: Jean-Claude Bertrand
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940179118X
Size: 12.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 933
View: 2816

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Book Description: This book is a treatise on microbial ecology that covers traditional and cutting-edge issues in the ecology of microbes in the biosphere. It emphasizes on study tools, microbial taxonomy and the fundamentals of microbial activities and interactions within their communities and environment as well as on the related food web dynamics and biogeochemical cycling. The work exceeds the traditional domain of microbial ecology by revisiting the evolution of cellular prokaryotes and eukaryotes and stressing the general principles of ecology. The overview of the topics, authored by more than 80 specialists, is one of the broadest in the field of environmental microbiology. The overview of the topics, authored by more than 80 specialists, is one of the broadest in the field of environmental microbiology.

Extremophiles

Extremophiles PDF
Author: W. D. Grant
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
ISBN:
Size: 74.18 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 322
View: 7421

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Book Description: This text is devoted to a particular class of microbe & focuses on its ecology, systematics, physiological & molecular biology. Also included is a discussion of potentially exploitable biotechnological & industrial uses for extremophiles.