Mao Zedong Zhou Enlai And The Evolution Of The Chinese Communist Leadership

Mao Zedong  Zhou Enlai and the Evolution of the Chinese Communist Leadership PDF
Author: Thomas Kampen
Publisher: NIAS Press
ISBN: 9788787062763
Size: 14.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144
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Book Description: This book challenges long-established views that Mao Zedong became Chinese Communist Party leader during the Long March (1934-1935) and that by 1935 the CCP was independent of the Comintern in Moscow. The result is a critique not only of official Chinese historiography but also of Western scholarship, which all future histories of the rise of the PRC will need to take into account.

From Yan An To The World

From Yan an to the World PDF
Author: Jun Niu
Publisher: Voices of Asia
Size: 13.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages : 353
View: 6618

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Book Description: This landmark study by a leading Chinese scholar of international relations significantly advances our understanding of the origins of Chinese Communist foreign policy. Basing himself on a wealth of previously inaccessible Chinese archival sources, memoirs, and official documents, Professor Niu charts the evolution of CCP foreign policy in the period preceding the revolutionary victory in 1949. Broadly speaking, he interprets the evolution as a learning process in which the CCP leadership, including Chairman Mao Zedong, gradually acquired knowledge and experience of the world through intensifying interaction with the United States, Great Britain, the USSR, and other countries that were involved in Chinese domestic as well as international affairs. Without abandoning their commitment to Marxism-Leninism or their deference to the Soviet Union?s leading role in the international communist movement, Mao Zedong and his associates came to the understanding that China?s interests and the interests of the CCP in particular were not always congruent with those of the Soviet leadership. From the 1930s through the conquest of power in 1949, first survival and then the quest for nationwide victory defined the core interests of the CCP. The rigid Marxist-Leninist doctrines that initially informed the world view of CCP leaders yielded over time to realism, and Mao Zedong became a skilled and effective player on the stage of world politics during the course of the CCP?s ascent to power. Niu Jun?s analysis of this process is well informed, subtle, and persuasive. He presents the intricate twists and turns in the evolution of CCP foreign policy, details the intra-party conflicts, and discusses the tensions between the Yan?an leadership and Moscow. He revisits a critical period in the evolution of Sino-American relations when an opportunity may have existed to avert the cold war confrontation that led to a Sino-American war in Korea in 1950. Published in Chinese in 1992 and recognized in China as a major historical contribution, Niu Jun?s book is now available for the first time in English translation.


Author: Jung Chang
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 364114843X
Size: 30.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : de
Pages : 976
View: 4498

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Book Description: Mythos und Massenmörder – die Wahrheit über Mao Tse-tung Es war nicht das Wohl seines Volkes, das Mao Tse-tung, dem Großen Vorsitzenden der Volksrepublik China, am Herzen lag. Es war auch nicht die kommunistische Ideologie, obwohl er ihren weltweiten Sieg anstrebte. Das Motiv von Maos Handeln war ausschließlich und zu jeder Zeit sein absoluter Wille zur Macht. Ob auf persönlicher, auf nationaler, auf internationaler Ebene – sein Machthunger war grenzenlos. Mao Tse-tung hat nicht alle, aber viele seiner Ziele erreicht, und China hat teuer dafür bezahlt: mit dem Leben von 70 Millionen Menschen. Kein Buch über China hat je mehr Leser und Anhänger gefunden als Jung Changs Erinnerungsbuch WILDE SCHWÄNE, das in 30 Sprachen übersetzt und zehn Millionen Mal verkauft wurde. Jetzt erscheint ihr lang erwartetes neues Werk – eine bahnbrechende Biographie über Mao Tse-tung, den Mann, dem es gelang, sich auf vielfach gewundenen Pfaden zum Alleinherrscher über Hunderte Millionen Menschen aufzuschwingen. Jung Chang hat die letzten zwölf Jahre damit verbracht, allen Spuren dieses Menschen nachzugehen, der zu den einflussreichsten politischen Gestalten des 20. Jahrhunderts gehörte, dessen Aura Staatsmänner in aller Welt beeindruckte, und dessen Gedanken und Worte in millionenfacher Verbreitung in zahllosen Ländern auf Begeisterung stießen. Doch der Mann, den sie in ihrem Buch für den Leser lebendig werden lässt, weist ganz andere Züge auf – es sind sehr viel hässlichere. Die jahrelangen Recherchen in allen relevanten Archiven und die zahllosen Gespräche mit Zeitzeugen – mit Politikern in Ost und West, die mit Mao in Berührung gekommen waren, mit unbekannten chinesischen Betroffenen, mit Führungsfiguren aus Maos engsten Zirkeln, die sich nie zuvor geäußert hatten – haben die Autorin in die Lage versetzt, endlich und zum ersten Mal ein wahrheitsgetreues, ein realistisches Bild jener Epoche aufzuzeigen, kein von kommunistischen oder persönlichen Machtinteressen gefärbtes und verbrämtes. Und so gelingt es ihr, die Wahrheit hinter zahlreichen, von den Kommunisten gehegten und gepflegten Mythen ans Licht zu bringen und viele, teils von Mao vorsätzlich und gekonnt verbreitete Falschdarstellungen zu entlarven.

Biographical Dictionary Of The People S Republic Of China

Biographical Dictionary of the People  s Republic of China PDF
Author: Yuwu Song
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786435828
Size: 58.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 452
View: 2619

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Book Description: This biographical dictionary is an indispensable research tool for information about the prominent persons of the past seven decades in China. The book documents nearly 600 Chinese individuals who contributed, for better or worse, to the development of Chinese life and culture since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Though the book is weighted toward political figures, it includes persons in business, the military, academia, medicine, social movements, the arts, entertainment and athletics. In addition to an objective description of the person's life, an analysis is provided that identifies the individual's contributions and importance.

Mao And The Economic Stalinization Of China 1948 1953

Mao and the Economic Stalinization of China  1948   1953 PDF
Author: Hua-Yu Li
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461639107
Size: 30.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 266
View: 3846

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Book Description: In the first systematic study of its kind, Hua-yu Li tackles one of the most important unresolved mysteries of the early history of the People's Republic of China_the economic policy shift of 1953. As a result of this policy shift, the moderate economic policies of 'New Democracy' were abruptly terminated_much sooner than specified by the official party line_and replaced with a radical Stalinist economic program called the 'general line for socialist transition.' Utilizing the rich archival materials released in China since the mid-1980s and Russian archival information released since the early 1990s, Li presents a compelling explanation for the policy shift. Placing the analysis within the larger context of the world communist movement, communist ideology, and Mao's complicated relationship with Stalin, this book makes it clear that the policy shift was initiated by Mao and that he did so for two reasons. First, he was committed to a history text compiled under Stalin's guidance that purported to describe the Soviet experience of building socialism in the 1920s and 1930s. Mao relied heavily on this text as a road map for China to follow in building socialism in the early 1950s. Second, Mao was driven by feelings of personal rivalry with Stalin and of national rivalry with the Soviet Union: he wanted China to achieve socialism faster than the Soviet Union had. The precise timing of the change, Li argues, resulted from Mao's belief that China was economically ready to build socialism and from his decision to interpret an ambiguous statement made by Stalin in October 1952 as a clear endorsement of a policy shift. Li asserts that Mao was a committed Stalinist, that he dominated domestic policy decision-making, and that he skillfully maneuvered his way through his negotiations with Stalin in advancing his own agenda. Situating its analysis within the larger context of the world communist movement, this carefully researched book will have a profound impact on the fields of communist studies and Sino-Soviet relations and in studies of Mao, Stalin, and their relationship.

The History Of Modern China

The History of Modern China PDF
Author: Zhiyue Bo
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 142229451X
Size: 40.17 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 6234

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Book Description: China, whose recorded history extends back several thousand years, was once the most advanced civilization on earth. But after centuries of self-imposed isolation, the so-called Middle Kingdom found itself lagging behind the world's industrialized countries. Defeated militarily by the Western powers and Japan during the second half of the 19th century, China went through a series of reforms and revolutions before the emergence of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Internal political struggles stifled the PRC's development during its early decades, but a reform program that began in the late 1970s has transformed China into an economic powerhouse and an increasingly important player on the international stage. The History of Modern China offers a comprehensive account of China's historical evolution from a prosperous empire to a semi-colonial nation and finally to an independent Communist state. This volume also provides an in-depth analysis of the interplay between China and the outside world, as well as among China's various political forces.

China S Security State

China s Security State PDF
Author: Xuezhi Guo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139536818
Size: 39.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 131

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Book Description: China's Security State describes the creation, evolution, and development of Chinese security and intelligence agencies as well as their role in influencing Chinese Communist Party politics throughout the party's history. Xuezhi Guo investigates patterns of leadership politics from the vantage point of security and intelligence organization and operation by providing new evidence and offering alternative interpretations of major events throughout Chinese Communist Party history. This analysis promotes a better understanding of the CCP's mechanisms for control over both Party members and the general population. This study specifies some of the broader implications for theory and research that can help clarify the nature of Chinese politics and potential future developments in the country's security and intelligence services.

The Soviet Union And Communist China 1945 1950 The Arduous Road To The Alliance

The Soviet Union and Communist China 1945 1950  The Arduous Road to the Alliance PDF
Author: Dieter Heinzig
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317454480
Size: 41.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 488
View: 497

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Book Description: Drawing on a wealth of new sources, this work documents the evolving relationship between Moscow and Peking in the twentieth century. Using newly available Russian and Chinese archival documents, memoirs written in the 1980s and 1990s, and interviews with high-ranking Soviet and Chinese eyewitnesses, the book provides the basis for a new interpretation of this relationship and a glimpse of previously unknown events that shaped the Sino-Soviet alliance. An appendix contains translated Chinese and Soviet documents - many of which are being published for the first time. The book focuses mainly on Communist China's relationship with Moscow after the conclusion of the treaty between the Soviet Union and Kuomingtang China in 1945, up until the signing of the treaty between Moscow and the Chinese Communist Party in 1950. It also looks at China's relationship with Moscow from 1920 to 1945, as well as developments from 1950 to the present. The author reevaluates existing sources and literature on the topic, and demonstrates that the alliance was reached despite disagreements and distrust on both sides and was not an inevitable conclusion. He also shows that the relationship between the two Communist parties was based on national interest politics, and not on similar ideological convictions.

World War Ii A Student Encyclopedia 5 Volumes

World War II  A Student Encyclopedia  5 volumes  PDF
Author: Spencer C. Tucker
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851098585
Size: 30.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1795
View: 3245

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Book Description: Designed with the more visual needs of today's student in mind, this landmark encyclopedia covers the entire scope of the Second World War, from its earliest roots to its continuing impact on global politics and human society. Over 1,000 illustrations, maps, and primary source materials enhance the text and make history come alive for students and faculty alike. ABC-CLIO's World War II: A Student Encyclopedia captures the monumental sweep of the "Big One" with accessible scholarship, a student-friendly, image-rich design, and a variety of tools specifically crafted for the novice researcher. For teachers and curriculum specialists, it is a thoroughly contemporary and authoritative work with everything they need to enrich their syllabi and meet state and national standards. Ranging from the conflict's historic origins to VJ Day and beyond, it brings all aspects of the war vividly to life—its origins in the rubble of World War I, its inevitable outbreak, its succession of tumultuous battles and unforgettable personalities. Students will understand what the war meant to the leaders, the soldiers, and everyday families on home fronts around the world. Featured essays look at Pearl Harbor, the Holocaust, the atomic bomb, and other crucial events, as well as fascinating topics such as signals intelligence and the role of women in war. A separate primary source volume provides essential source material for homework, test preparation or special projects. With a wealth of new information and new ideas about the war's causes, course, and consequences, World War II will be the first place students turn for the who, what, when, where, and—more importantly—the why, behind this historic conflict. 950 A–Z entries, including lengthy biographies of individuals, studies of battles, details of weapons systems, and analyses of wartime conferences—all of the topics students look for, and teachers and educators need to have for their classes Over 270 contributors, including an unprecedented number of non-U.S. authorities, many from Japan and China, giving students a truly global understanding of the war An inviting design incorporating 600 photographs, including contemporaneous images of individuals, scenes from the front lines, posters, and weapon technologies A separate primary source volume offering a wide array of materials ranging from official documents to personal correspondence An early section of 70 detailed geopolitical and military maps, show students the basic sweep of the war

Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai PDF
Author: Michael Dillon
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1786726661
Size: 55.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 4733

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Book Description: Enigmatic, Eminence grise, the 'power behind the throne' – these phrases sum up Zhou Enlai's long and varied, but always pivotal, political career in the Chinese Communist Party from the 1920s to 1970s. Born in 1898, Zhou witnessed several of the most important events in China's modern history and was a close associate of both the nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek and communist leader Mao Zedong, whom he served under as China's first premier from 1949 until 1976. Zhou was also a major ally of Deng Xiaoping – a source, for example, of major influence on his 'Four Modernizations' in agriculture, industry, science and technology, and the military. He was thus the prime architect of China's drive towards superpower status and one of the key determinants of China's central role in the modern world. Zhou does not conform readily to any of the stereotypes of communist leaders, Chinese or otherwise. Cultivated and urbane, he was a sympathetic and intellectual character, who was well-liked by non-communists, foreigners and his staff. He was one of the most complex figures in the politics of contemporary China, and certainly one of the most interesting, although his influence was never all that obvious. In this book, Michael Dillon restores him to his rightful place in history and analyses the role of a man who was 'a genuine statesman rather than just a political operator'.