Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Charles N. Li
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520066106
Size: 71.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 691
View: 5918

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Book Description: This reference grammar provides, for the first time, a description of the grammar of Mandarin Chinese, the official spoken language of China and Taiwan, in functional terms, focusing on the role and meanings of word-level and sentence-level structures in actual conversations.

Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Mobo C. F. Gao
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 38.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 226
View: 6556

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Book Description: Mandarin Chinese: An Introduction provides a systematic overview of Mandarin Chinese from the perspective of the English-speaking learner. Using a comparative approach, it contrasts grammatical and other features in Mandarin Chinese language with relevant issues in English. The book opens with a chapter on the setting of the Chinese language, giving a brief account of the historical, geographical, social, and linguistic background of China. Modern Chinese politics has played an important role in the development of modern standard Chinese, and this is discussed in a separate chapter. Subsequent chapters cover sounds and tones, writing, vocabulary, grammar, and discourse (including regional accents and dialects, gender, and written versus spoken Chinese). Mandarin Chinese brings a wide range of topics and issues together in one volume, presenting a coherent, easy-to-follow picture of the language, and a practical, efficient way to learn.

The Prosody Of Mandarin Chinese

The Prosody of Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Xiao-nan Susan Shen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520097506
Size: 39.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 95
View: 6319

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Book Description: Through acoustic analysis of Mandarin Chinese intonation, the author finds that the intonation baseline moves up when intonation is shifted from assertive to interrogative; therefore, two baselines and two intonation layers must be reckoned with. Sentence intonation affects the tonal values and the tonal shapes of intrinsic lexical tones, though not beyond recognition. Tonal changes prove to be closely related to sentence intonation, which is superimposed simultaneously onto the utterance as a whole. The author's findings support the position of the movability of the intonation baseline and rectify some widely spread traditional claims concerning Mandarin Chinese prosody.

Basic Mandarin Chinese Reading Writing Practice Book

Basic Mandarin Chinese   Reading   Writing Practice Book PDF
Author: Cornelius C. Kubler
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
ISBN: 1462919308
Size: 36.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 143

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Book Description: This comprehensive Chinese character workbook can be used with any textbook or on its own to dramatically enhance your Mandarin reading and writing skills! No matter what textbook you're using to learn Chinese, it requires a lot of practice. Here is a wealth of effective activities and drills—plus an hour of native speaker audio recordings—to help you learn the 288 basic Chinese characters quickly and effectively. This book follows the Basic Mandarin Chinese—Reading & Writing textbook but works equally well with other coursebooks or on its own. The free disc contains audio recordings as well as printable PDF files providing hundreds of pages of extra exercises and activities and a set of 288 printable flash cards to help you learn the basic characters. Basic Mandarin Chinese—Reading and Writing Practice Book includes a wealth of carefully-designed activities designed to improve every aspect of your reading and writing skills, including: Character writing practice sheets Dictation, fill-in-the-blank, and dialog completion exercises Answering questions, reading maps, converting written style to spoken style Identifying radicals and phonetics, punctuating sentences Writing tasks based on real-life schedules, photographs and name cards Translation exercises The accompanying disc contains: Audio recordings by native Mandarin speakers Hundreds of printable practice pages A printable set of 288 Chinese flashcards About the Basic Mandarin Chinese series: Respected Chinese language educator Dr. Cornelius Kubler has taught Mandarin Chinese to diplomats, business people and students for several decades—using an effective learning system with two separate but integrated "tracks" to help you learn the spoken and written forms of the language more efficiently and more successfully. The materials in this series have been acclaimed as a breakthrough in Mandarin Chinese language learning.

Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Lexus
Publisher: Rough Guides
ISBN: 9781858286075
Size: 30.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 2955

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Book Description: ' Mandarin Phrasebook' is to improve quickly acquaint yourself with the vocabulary and pronunciation of this complex language. We give you everything you need to know in one concise volume, including tips on cultural do's and dont's.

A Grammar Of Mandarin Chinese

A Grammar of Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Hua Lin
Publisher: Muenchen : Lincom Europa
ISBN:
Size: 21.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Chinese language
Languages : en
Pages : 201
View: 510

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Book Description:

L1 Acquisition Of Donkey Sentences And Bare Conditionals In Mandarin Chinese

L1 Acquisition of Donkey Sentences and Bare Conditionals in Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: 林韋伶
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description:

Mandarin Chinese Pronunciation Crashing

Mandarin Chinese Pronunciation Crashing PDF
Author: Joseph Liu
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781086771336
Size: 13.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 178
View: 571

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Book Description: If you are looking for a book to learn Mandarin pronunciation, look no further. Mandarin Chinese Pronunciation Crashing is the one you really need. It is designed for all levels of Mandarin learners whose mother tongue is English to get to know, improve, and eventually master Mandarin pronunciation. Six strategies are introduced in this book to ensure reaching your goal of learning Mandarin pronunciation: 1. Building a bridge between English and Mandarin pronunciations. This book identifies many similarities that Mandarin and English pronunciations share. Using these similarities between English and Mandarin pronunciations will facilitate and accelerate your Mandarin pronunciation learning process. 2. Offering text and graphic instructions and video demonstrations on Pinyin (the phonological system of Mandarin) sounds. Pronunciation is a sophisticated matter since all of the different vocal parts have to work together to accurately form certain positions and movements for a sound to be correctly pronounced. This book gives detailed text descriptions and diagrams of the vocal parts and their movements in pronouncing every Pinyin sound. Furthermore, video demonstrations for every Pinyin sound are also prepared. The Mandarin sounds that feel so alien to you can be pronounced correctly with the help of these text and graphic instructions and video demonstrations. 3. Applying enunciation-pronouncing Mandarin sounds in a clear and slow manner. Native speakers' oral fluency in their mother tongue is reached through a stage of enunciation that lasts about four to five years in infancy. One mistake many Mandarin teachers and learners often make is to teach and practice pronunciation at the normal speed of native speakers when the learners have just begun studying the language. Consequently, the crucial enunciation stage is omitted, which often leads to either wrong or thickly accented pronunciation. So, the solution to the problem is to restore the stage of enunciation. 4. Providing adequate exercises. Just like developing skills in cooking, drawing, or playing a musical instrument, gaining skills in pronunciation requires a huge amount of practice. For this reason, explanations are given as precisely as possible, and more content is dedicated to different types of exercises in this book. 5. Practicing tongue twisters. You have learned to pronounce a Mandarin sound but you cannot remember the correct pronunciation over time or pronounce the sound as smoothly as native speakers do in a conversation. This is because you have not developed muscle memory to pronounce the sound automatically. Native speakers develop muscle memory for a sound in their native language by repeating it countless times in daily conversations since birth. Foreign language learners don't have the luxury to learn the pronunciation of a new language at the pace native speakers do. The remedy is tongue twisters, which are designed to practice pronunciation in a concentrated, repetitive, and amusing way, have been proven to be a more effective way to develop your muscle memory. 6. Linking pronunciation with real-life oral communication. Medium- or advanced-level learners may have experienced that they can pronounce single Mandarin syllables well but cannot speak smoothly in real-life oral communication, e.g., having a conversation. The reason is that in real-life oral communication, the pronunciations of single syllables are lined together in a sequence, called "speech flow," like a river. In this flow, the pronunciation of a syllable may be different from the way it is pronounced by itself. The learners who lack the ability to adjust the pronunciations of syllables in a speech flow would sound awkward and even incomprehensible. The sixth strategy trains the skills of adjusting the sounds of single syllables and assembling them into a smooth flow of speech.

Order And Constituency In Mandarin Chinese

Order and Constituency in Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Audrey Li Yen Hui
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792305002
Size: 54.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 222
View: 2639

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Book Description: Recent developments in generative grammar have been very stimulating. The current theory defines a small set of principles that apply to all human languages. Efforts have been made to demonstrate the adequacy of this theory for a wide range of languages. We thus see an interesting interface of theory and empirical data: the study of natural languages contributes to defining the properties of Universal Grammar and the predictions of the theory help in uncovering generalizations regarding natural languages. This book aims to add to this exciting development by showing how the analysis of Mandarin Chinese constituent structures helps to define Case Theory and how interesting generalizations concerning Chinese grammar are uncovered through verification of the theoretical predictions. Starting from the inadequacy of work by Koopman, Li, and Travis on the effect of Case directionality on word order, the book shows that a detailed study of Chinese constituent structures allows us to reduce the phrase structure component to a minimal statement concerning the position of the head in a given phrase. It argues that in a given language the constituent structures can be adequately captured by the interaction of Case Theory, Theta Theory, Government Theory, and X Theory. Long standing controversies concerning Chinese basic word order are resolved by showing that underlying word order generalizations can differ from surface word order generalizations.

Aspect In Mandarin Chinese

Aspect in Mandarin Chinese PDF
Author: Richard Xiao
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027230836
Size: 52.28 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 303
View: 1609

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Book Description: Chinese, as an aspect language, has played an important role in the development of aspect theory. This book is a systematic and structured exploration of the linguistic devices that Mandarin Chinese employs to express aspectual meanings. The work presented here is the first corpus-based account of aspect in Chinese, encompassing both situation aspect and viewpoint aspect. In using corpus data, the book seeks to achieve a marriage between theory-driven and corpus-based approaches to linguistics. The corpus-based model presented explores aspect at both the semantic and grammatical levels. At the semantic level a two-level model of situation aspect is proposed, which covers both the lexical and sentential levels, thus giving a better account of the compositional nature of situation aspect. At the grammatical level four perfective and four imperfective aspects in Chinese are explored in detail. This exploration corrects many intuition-based misconceptions, and associated misleading conclusions, about aspect in Chinese common in the literature.