Jihad In Islamic History

Jihad in Islamic History PDF
Author: Michael David Bonner
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780691125749
Size: 62.82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 197
View: 6263

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Book Description: What is jihad? Does it mean violence, as many non-Muslims assume? Or does it mean peace, as some Muslims insist? Because jihad is closely associated with the early spread of Islam, today's debate about the origin and meaning of jihad is nothing less than a struggle over Islam itself. In Jihad in Islamic History, Michael Bonner provides the first study in English that focuses on the early history of jihad, shedding much-needed light on the most recent controversies over jihad. To some, jihad is the essence of radical Islamist ideology, a synonym for terrorism, and even proof of Islam's innate violence. To others, jihad means a peaceful, individual, and internal spiritual striving. Bonner, however, shows that those who argue that jihad means only violence or only peace are both wrong. Jihad is a complex set of doctrines and practices that have changed over time and continue to evolve today. The Quran's messages about fighting and jihad are inseparable from its requirements of generosity and care for the poor. Jihad has often been a constructive and creative force, the key to building new Islamic societies and states. Jihad has regulated relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, in peace as well as in war. And while today's "jihadists" are in some ways following the "classical" jihad tradition, they have in other ways completely broken with it. Written for general readers who want to understand jihad and its controversies, Jihad in Islamic History will also interest specialists because of its original arguments.

Jihad In Islamic History

Jihad in Islamic History PDF
Author: Michael Bonner
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400827381
Size: 58.39 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1001

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Book Description: What is jihad? Does it mean violence, as many non-Muslims assume? Or does it mean peace, as some Muslims insist? Because jihad is closely associated with the early spread of Islam, today's debate about the origin and meaning of jihad is nothing less than a struggle over Islam itself. In Jihad in Islamic History, Michael Bonner provides the first study in English that focuses on the early history of jihad, shedding much-needed light on the most recent controversies over jihad. To some, jihad is the essence of radical Islamist ideology, a synonym for terrorism, and even proof of Islam's innate violence. To others, jihad means a peaceful, individual, and internal spiritual striving. Bonner, however, shows that those who argue that jihad means only violence or only peace are both wrong. Jihad is a complex set of doctrines and practices that have changed over time and continue to evolve today. The Quran's messages about fighting and jihad are inseparable from its requirements of generosity and care for the poor. Jihad has often been a constructive and creative force, the key to building new Islamic societies and states. Jihad has regulated relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, in peace as well as in war. And while today's "jihadists" are in some ways following the "classical" jihad tradition, they have in other ways completely broken with it. Written for general readers who want to understand jihad and its controversies, Jihad in Islamic History will also interest specialists because of its original arguments.

The History Of Jihad

The History of Jihad PDF
Author: Robert Spencer
Publisher: Bombardier Books
ISBN: 1682616606
Size: 77.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 738
View: 6623

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Book Description: It is taken for granted, even among many Washington policymakers, that Islam is a fundamentally peaceful religion and that Islamic jihad terrorism is something relatively new, a product of the economic and political ferment of the twentieth century. But in The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS, Islamic scholar Robert Spencer proves definitively that Islamic terror is as old as Islam itself, as old as Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, who said “I have been made victorious through terror.” Spencer briskly traces the 1,400-year war of Islamic jihadis against the rest of the world, detailing the jihad against Europe, including the 700-year struggle to conquer Constantinople; the jihad in Spain, where non-Muslims fought for another 700 years to get the jihadi invaders out of the country; and the jihad against India, where Muslim warriors and conquerors wrought unparalleled and unfathomable devastation in the name of their religion. Told in great part in the words of contemporary chroniclers themselves, both Muslim and non-Muslim, The History of Jihad shows that jihad warfare has been a constant of Islam from its very beginnings, and present-day jihad terrorism proceeds along exactly the same ideological and theological foundations as did the great Islamic warrior states and jihad commanders of the past. The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS is the first one-volume history of jihad in the English language, and the first book to tell the whole truth about Islam’s bloody history in an age when Islamic jihadis are more assertive in Western countries than they have been for centuries. This book is indispensable to understanding the geopolitical situation of the twenty-first century, and ultimately to formulating strategies to reform Islam and defeat radical terror.

Judaism Christianity And Islam In The Course Of History

Judaism  Christianity  and Islam in the course of history PDF
Author: Lothar Gall
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
ISBN:
Size: 70.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Christianity and other religions
Languages : de
Pages : 469
View: 4890

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Book Description: Das Verhältnis zwischen Judentum, Christentum und Islam unterlag im Laufe der Geschichte vielfältigen Veränderungen. Welche Konflikte gab es, welche Phasen und Formen von Austausch und Kooperation standen dem gegenüber? Der Band ist das Ergebnis einer Tagung aus dem Jahr 2009. Wissenschaftler aus sechs Ländern präsentieren nun die Ergebnisse. Die Sektionen behandeln die "Gegenseitige Wahrnehmung vor dem 1. Weltkrieg", "Kultur, Bildung, Fremdwahrnehmung" seit 1945, "Austausch und Konflikte" von der Frühen Neuzeit bis ins 20. Jahrhundert, das "Rechtsverständnis", "Recht und Wirtschaft", die "Religionsgelehrsamkeit" sowie "gesellschaftliche Integration und Bewahrung der Identität". Mit Beiträgen von: Kilian Bälz, Hans-Jürgen Becker, Hartmut Bobzin, Michael Brenner, Micha Brumlik, Thomas E. Burman, John Efron, Leila Tarazi Fawaz, Claude Gilliot, Friedrich Wilhelm Graf, Peter Heine, Karl Homann, Yosef Kaplan, Thomas Kaufmann, Yavuz Köse, Gudrun Krämer, Michael Kreutz, Roland Löffler, Wolfgang Loschelder, Hans Maier, Asher Meir, Tilman Nagel, Matthias Pohlig, Maurus Reinkowski, Mathias Rohe, Heinz Schilling, Reinhard Schulze, Martin Tamcke, Georges Tamer, Lucette Valensi, Dietmar Willoweit, Israel Yuval und einer Podiumsdiskussion der Sektionsleiter.

Dschihad Gestern Und Heute

Dschihad gestern und heute PDF
Author: Josef van Ess
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110245701
Size: 63.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 168
View: 1384

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Book Description: the third publication in the series of Julius Wellhausen Lectures treats jihad primarily as a historical phenomenon. Josef van Ess explains the current development not only on the basis of the Koran and the tradition of prophets but also as result of century-long deliberations on how to interpret the term jihad in an adequate manner. Since the present-day Islamic world is also shaped by Western ideas, it seems likely that both Western patterns of action and Islamic modes of thinking are expressed in the current implementation of jihad.

Islam And Colonialism

Islam and Colonialism PDF
Author: Rudolph Peters
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311082485X
Size: 24.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 253
View: 4395

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Book Description: The series Religion and Society (RS) contributes to the exploration of religions as social systems– both in Western and non-Western societies; in particular, it examines religions in their differentiation from, and intersection with, other cultural systems, such as art, economy, law and politics. Due attention is given to paradigmatic case or comparative studies that exhibit a clear theoretical orientation with the empirical and historical data of religion and such aspects of religion as ritual, the religious imagination, constructions of tradition, iconography, or media. In addition, the formation of religious communities, their construction of identity, and their relation to society and the wider public are key issues of this series.

Eine Einf Hrung In Die Koranwissenschaften

Eine Einf  hrung in die Koranwissenschaften PDF
Author: Dorothea Krawulsky
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039107537
Size: 54.68 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Koran
Languages : de
Pages : 205
View: 4575

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Book Description: Bisher haben sich nicht allzu viele Forscher der westlichen Islamwissenschaft mit den Koranwissenschaften beschäftigt. In der klassischen arabisch-islamischen Literatur gibt es seit etwa dem 15. (nach islamischem Kalender seit dem 9.) Jahrhundert Monographien über die Koranwissenschaften, zu denen achtzig islamische Wissenschaften gehören. Gegenstand dieser achtzig Wissenschaften ist der Koran als offenbartes Wort Gottes und als Text. Heute werden an den modernen arabisch-islamischen Universitäten die Koranwissenschaften wieder als Studienfach betrieben und neue Arbeiten dazu verfaßt. Diese Studie ist die erste westliche Monographie zu den Koranwissenschaften. Allerdings konnten hier nicht alle Themen der Koranwissenschaften ausführlich behandelt werden, sondern nur ein kleiner, wichtiger Teil davon. Im Brennpunkt der Untersuchung stehen die Gegenüberstellung der westlichen und der muslimischen Forschung auf diesem Gebiet und die unterschiedlichen Sichtweisen der Position des Korans in der Geschichte des Islams.

Islamic Jihad

Islamic Jihad PDF
Author: M. A. Khan
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1440118469
Size: 38.22 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 364
View: 5859

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Book Description: The attacks of September 11, 2001, changed the way the world looks at Islam. And rightfully so, according to M.A. Khan, a former Muslim who left the religion after realizing that it is based on forced conversion, imperialism, and slavery: the primary demands of Jihad, commanded by the Islamic God Allah. In this groundbreaking book, Khan demonstrates that Prophet Muhammad meticulously followed these misguided principles and established the ideal template of Islamic Jihad for his future followers to pursue, and that Muslims have been perpetuating the cardinal principles of Jihad ever since. Find out the true nature of Islam, particularly its doctrine of Jihad, and what it means to the modern world, and also learn about The core tenets of Islam and its history The propagation of Islam by force and other means Islamic propaganda Arab-Islamic imperialism Islamic slavery and slave-trade And much more! The commands of Allah are perpetual in nature, so are the actions of Prophet Muhammad. Jihad has been the way to win converts to Islam since its birth fourteen centuries ago, and it won't change anytime soon. Find out why in Islamic Jihad.

Jihad In The West

Jihad in the West PDF
Author: Paul Fregosi
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 1615921893
Size: 51.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 442
View: 3163

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Book Description: . . . well documented and factually indisputable. . . highly recommended.--BooklistJihad, the Muslim holy war against Christians and others, has raged for 1,300 years with bloody conquests in Europe dating from campaigns to convert the infidels in the 7th century to today's random acts of terrorism in the name of Allah. Yet this huge unrecorded hole in European history has been censored and stifled by political and literary authorities who have feared reprisals from angry Muslims trying to hide a legacy of brutality vastly more bloody and six times longer in duration than the atrocities of the crusades.This is the engrossing factual account of the immense and little-known Islamic military invasions of Europe, and the major players who led them, beginning around 650 CE. The Islamic Arabs (and later the Moors) occupied a number of the Mediterranean Islands, and invaded Spain and Portugal in 711 CE, and ruled over much of the Iberian peninsula for the next 800 years. France was attacked and invaded, as was Italy, and the European coasts all the way to Ireland and Iceland. The Muslims swept over the Balkans, besieged Vienna, and were intermittent masters of Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary into the 19th century, destroying the Byzantines and conquering Constantinople (turning it into Istanbul). Ambitious and unrelenting, the Muslims also sought to conquer Austria and Russia.In a bright and brisk narrative, Paul Fregosi's unique and provocative work is the first, and only, general history of the Jihad, the most neglected and disregarded phenomenon in European history.Fregosi faced a wall of opposition as he tried to publish this controversial book. A publisher in Britain abruptly cancelled because of what some believe to be fear of Muslim reprisals. There's an intention to censor what's going on about Islam, more so than for any other religion, Fregosi told the London press.Paul Fregosi (Sydney, Australia), born in Marseilles and educated in Britain, is the author of the widely praised Dreams of Empire: Napoleon and the First World War 1792-1815.

Jihad In Islam

Jihad in Islam PDF
Author: Muḥammad Saʻīd Ramaḍān Būṭī
Publisher: Dar Al Fikr Al Mouaser
ISBN:
Size: 77.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Islam and state
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 4588

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Book Description: