Handbook Of Troubleshooting Plastics Processes

Handbook of Troubleshooting Plastics Processes PDF
Author: John R. Wagner, Jr.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118511204
Size: 78.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 2312

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Book Description: This handbook provides a framework for understanding how tocharacterize plastic manufacturing processes for use introubleshooting problems. The 21 chapters are authored bywell-known and experienced engineers who have specialized knowledgeabout the processes covered in this practical guide. From the Preface: “In every chapter, the process is described and the mostcommon problems are discussed along with the root causes andpotential technical solutions. Numerous case studies are providedthat illustrate the troubleshooting process. Mark A. Spalding,The Dow Chemical Company

Extrusion

Extrusion PDF
Author: Harold F. Giles Jr
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815517114
Size: 19.16 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 4773

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Book Description: Why is it important to get to equilibrium and how long does it take? Are there problems running polypropylene profiles on a single screw extruder? Does the job involve compounding color concentrates on a corotating twin screw extruder? This unique reference work is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in quickly answering such practical day-to-day questions in extrusion processing. This comprehensive volume is divided into 7 Parts. It contains detailed reference data on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. This reference is a practical guide to extrusion bringing together both the equipment and materials processing aspects. It provides basic and advanced topics about the thermoplastics processing in the extruder, for reference and training. Parts 1 û 3, emphasize the fundamentals, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. Parts 4 û 7 treat advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. Extensive applications in Part 7 cover such contemporary areas as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. Each chapter includes review topics.

Extrusion

Extrusion PDF
Author: Harold F. Giles Jr
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437734820
Size: 20.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 636
View: 3862

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Book Description: The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Plastics Processing Data Handbook

Plastics Processing Data Handbook PDF
Author: D.V. Rosato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401096589
Size: 40.58 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 392
View: 1935

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Book Description: This comprehensive book provides guidelines for maximizing plastics proc essing efficiency in the manufacture of all types of products, using all types of plastics. A practical approach is employed to present fundamental, yet comprehensive, coverage of processing concepts. The information and data presented by the many tables and figures interrelate the different variables that affect injection molding, extrusion, blow molding, thermoforming, compression molding, reinforced plastics molding, rotational molding, re action injection molding, coining, casting, and other processes. The text presents a great number of problems pertaining to different phases of processing. Solutions are provided that will meet product per formance requirements at the lowest cost. Many of the processing variables and their behaviors in the different processes are the same, as they all in volve basic conditions of temperature, time, and pressure. The book begins with information applicable to all processes, on topics such as melt soft ening flow and controls; all processes fit into an overall scheme that re quires the interaction and proper control of systems. Individual processes are reviewed to show the effects of changing different variables to meet the goal of zero defects. The content is arranged to provide a natural progres sion from simple to complex situations, which range from control of a sin gle manual machine to simulation of sophisticated computerized processes that interface with many different processing functions.

Handbook Of Plastic Processes

Handbook of Plastic Processes PDF
Author: Charles A. Harper
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471786578
Size: 15.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 760
View: 6338

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Book Description: An outstanding and thorough presentation of the complete fieldof plastics processing Handbook of Plastic Processes is the only comprehensivereference covering not just one, but all major processes used toproduce plastic products-helping designers and manufacturers inselecting the best process for a given product while enabling usersto better understand the performance characteristics of eachprocess. The authors, all experts in their fields, explain in clear,concise, and practical terms the advantages, uses, and limitationsof each process, as well as the most modern and up-to-datetechnologies available in their application. Coverage includes chapters on: Injection molding Compression and transfer molding Sheet extrusion Blow molding Calendering Foam processing Reinforced plastics processing Liquid resin processing Rotational molding Thermoforming Reaction injection molding Compounding, mixing, and blending Machining and mechanical fabrication Assembly, finishing, and decorating Each chapter details a particular process, its variations, theequipment used, the range of materials utilized in the process, andits advantages and limitations. Because of its increasing impact on the industry, the editor hasalso added a chapter on nanotechnology in plastics processing.

Basics Of Troubleshooting In Plastics Processing

Basics of Troubleshooting in Plastics Processing PDF
Author: Muralisrinivasan Natamai Subramanian
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118071717
Size: 57.88 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 3849

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Book Description: The Basics of Troubleshooting in Plastics Processing is a condensed practical guide that gives the reader a broad introduction to properties of thermoplastics plastics, additives, the major processes (extrusion, injection molding, rotational molding, blow molding, and thermoforming), as well as troubleshooting. The main goal is to provide the plastics processor with an improved understanding of the basics by explaining the science behind the technology. Machine details are minimized as the emphasis is on processing problems and the defects in an effort to focus on basic root causes to problems and how to solve them. The book’s framework is troubleshooting in plastics processing because of the importance it has to the eventual production of high quality end products. Each chapter contains both practical and detailed technical information. This basic guide provides state-of-the-art information on: Processing problems and defects during manufacturing Plastics materials, their properties and characterization The plastics processing techniques Plastics additives Troubleshooting of the 5 main plastics processes References for further reading

Extruding Plastics

Extruding Plastics PDF
Author: D.V. Rosato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461557933
Size: 44.95 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 779
View: 5234

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Book Description: Worldwide, extrusion lines successfully process more plastics into prod ucts than other processes by consuming at least 36 wt% of all plastics. They continue to find practical solutions for new products and/ or prob lems to meet new product performances. This book, with its practical industry reviews, is a unique handbook (the first of its kind) that covers over a thousand of the potential combina tions of basic variables or problems with solutions that can occur from up-stream to down-stream equipment. Guidelines are provided for maxi mizing processing efficiency and operating at the lowest possible cost. It has been prepared with an awareness that its usefulness will depend greatly upon its simplicity and provision of essential information. It should be useful to: 0) those already extruding and desiring to obtain additional information for their line and/ or prOVide a means of reviewing other lines that can provide their line with operating improvements; (2) those processing or extruding plastics for the first time; (3) those consider ing going into another extrusion process; (4) those desiring additional information about employing the design of various products more effi ciently, with respect to both performance and cost; (5) those contemplat ing entering the business of extrusion; (6) those in new venture groups, materials development, and/ or market development; (7) those in disci plines such as nonplastics manufacturers, engineers, designers, quality control, financial, and management; and (8) those requiring a textbook on extrusion in trade schools and high schools or colleges.

Thermoforming Of Single And Multilayer Laminates

Thermoforming of Single and Multilayer Laminates PDF
Author: Syed Ali Ashter
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731862
Size: 16.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 3177

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Book Description: Thermoforming of Single and Multilayer Laminates explains the fundamentals of lamination and plastics thermoforming technologies along with current and new developments. It focuses on properties and thermoforming mechanics of plastic films and in particular single and multilayered laminates, including barrier films. For environmental and economic reasons, laminates are becoming increasingly important as a replacement for solid sheets and paint finishes in many industries, including transportation, packaging, and construction. Yet the processes of film formability during the extensive deformation and elevated temperatures experienced in conventional processing technologies, such as thermoforming, are poorly understood by most engineers. This book covers production processes, such as extrusion, calendaring, and casting, as well as mechanical and impact testing methods. It also describes how testing protocols developed for metals can be leveraged for plastic films and laminates, and includes a thorough discussion on methods for performing optical strain analysis. Applications in transportation vehicles and packaging, including packaging for food, medical and electronics applications, sports equipment, and household appliances, are discussed. Safety, recycling and environmental aspects of thermoforming and its products complete the book. First comprehensive source of information and hands-on guide for the thermoforming of multilayered laminates Covers applications across such sectors as automotive, packaging, home goods, and construction Introduces new testing methods leveraging protocols used for metals

Handbook Of Industrial Polyethylene And Technology

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology PDF
Author: Mark A. Spalding
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119159784
Size: 16.35 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 1410
View: 4656

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Book Description: This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.

Multilayer Flexible Packaging

Multilayer Flexible Packaging PDF
Author: John R. Wagner, Jr.
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323477186
Size: 51.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 3634

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Book Description: Multilayer Flexible Packaging, Second Edition, provides a thorough introduction to the manufacturing and applications of flexible plastic films, covering materials, hardware and processes, and multilayer film designs and applications. The book gives engineers and technicians a better understanding of the capability and limitations of multilayer flexible films and how to use them to make effective packaging. It includes contributions from world renowned experts and is fully updated to reflect the rapid advances made in the field since 2009, also including an entirely new chapter on the use of bio-based polymers in flexible packaging. The result is a practical, but detailed reference for polymeric flexible packaging professionals, including product developers, process engineers, and technical service representatives. The materials coverage includes detailed sections on polyethylene, polypropylene, and additives. The dies used to produce multilayer films are explored in the hardware section, and the process engineering of film manufacture is explained, with a particular focus on meeting specifications and targets. In addition, a new chapter has been added on regulations for food packaging – including both FDA and EU regulations. Provides a complete introduction to multilayer flexible packaging, assisting plastics practitioners with the development, design, and manufacture of flexible packaging for food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and more Presents thorough, well-written, and up-to-date reviews of the current technology by experts in the field, making this an essential reference for any engineer or manager Includes discussion and analysis of the latest rules and regulations governing food packaging

Plastics Design Handbook

Plastics Design Handbook PDF
Author: Marlene G. Rosato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461513995
Size: 51.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 680
View: 5366

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Book Description: This book provides a simplified and practical approach to designing with plastics that funda mentally relates to the load, temperature, time, and environment subjected to a product. It will provide the basic behaviors in what to consider when designing plastic products to meet performance and cost requirements. Important aspects are presented such as understanding the advantages of different shapes and how they influence designs. Information is concise, comprehensive, and practical. Review includes designing with plastics based on material and process behaviors. As de signing with any materials (plastic, steel, aluminum, wood, etc.) it is important to know their behaviors in order to maximize product performance-to-cost efficiency. Examples of many different designed products are reviewed. They range from toys to medical devices to cars to boats to underwater devices to containers to springs to pipes to buildings to aircraft to space craft. The reader's product to be designed can directly or indirectly be related to product design reviews in the book. Important are behaviors associated and interrelated with plastic materials (thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, reinforced plastics, etc.) and fabricating processes (extrusion, injec tion molding, blow molding, forming, foaming, rotational molding, etc.). They are presented so that the technical or non-technical reader can readily understand the interrelationships.

Designing With Plastics And Composites A Handbook

Designing with Plastics and Composites  A Handbook PDF
Author: Donald Rosato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461597234
Size: 32.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 981
View: 1584

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Book Description: For some time there has been a strong need in the plastic and related industries for a detailed, practical book on designing with plastics and composites (reinforced plastics). This one-source book meets this criterion by clearly explaining all aspects of designing with plastics, as can be seen from the Table of Contents and Index. It provides information on what is ahead as well as today's technology. It explains how to interrelate the process of meeting design performance requirements with that of selecting the proper plastic and manufacturing process to make a product at the lowest cost. This book has been prepared with an awareness that its usefulness will depend greatly upon its simplicity. The overall guiding premise has therefore been to provide all essential information. Each chapter is organized to best present a methodology for designing with plastics and composites. of industrial designers, whether in engineering This book will prove useful to all types or involved in products, molds, dies or equipment, and to people in new-product ventures, research and development, marketing, purchasing, and management who are involved with such different products as appliances, the building industry, autos, boats, electronics, furniture, medical, recreation, space vehicles, and others. In this handbook the basic essentials of the properties and processing behaviors of plastics are presented in a single source intended to be one the user will want to keep within easy reach.

Plastics Additives And Testing

Plastics Additives and Testing PDF
Author: Muralisrinivasan Natamai Subramanian
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118710592
Size: 71.47 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 3789

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Book Description: “Plastics Additives and Testing” is a practical book for engineers and operators and discusses both inorganic and organic chemicals that are widely used as additives in plastics processing operations. It is common practice today to use analytical techniques to improve plastics processing. Because it is critically important to manufacture quality products, a reasonable balance must be drawn between control requirements and parameters for improved processing method with respect to plastics additives. This book serves to implement this balance in the manufacturing line. Written by a successful, international consultant with an excellent publishing track record, it combines plastics additives, testing and quality control and is a valuable and critical book for engineers and operators to have when performing their tasks.

Film Processing Advances

Film Processing Advances PDF
Author: Toshitaka Kanai
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 1569905363
Size: 60.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 2998

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Book Description: This volume deals with manufacturing processes for preparing very thin polymer products. Many professionals working on polymer films have requested that a newer version of Film Processing be published that includes more recent technologies and addresses the latest literature. Film Processing Advances provides a timely response to these requests. This edition is still a technically oriented book to be used by film processing professionals, graduate students, and researchers and it covers recent technologies of film extrusion, extruder screw design, die design, film structure, film temperature, crystallization dynamics, and film properties. Furthermore, Film Processing Advances focuses on multilayered films and recent developments relating to high performance films. The chapters in this edition are all essentially new and were designed to complement the materials found in Film Processing, which remains a relevant and important information resource.

Plastics Institute Of America Plastics Engineering Manufacturing Data Handbook

Plastics Institute of America Plastics Engineering  Manufacturing   Data Handbook PDF
Author: D.V. Rosato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792373162
Size: 43.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 2200
View: 6775

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Book Description: This book provides a simplified, practical, and innovative approach to understanding the design and manufacture of plastic products in the World of Plastics. The concise and comprehensive information defines and focuses on past, current, and future technical trends. The handbook reviews over 20,000 different subjects; and contains over 1,000 figures and more than 400 tables. Various plastic materials and their behavior patterns are reviewed. Examples are provided of different plastic products and relating to them critical factors that range from meeting performance requirements in different environments to reducing costs and targeting for zero defects. This book provides the reader with useful pertinent information readily available as summarized in the Table of Contents, List of References and the Index.

Processing And Development Of Polysaccharide Based Biopolymers For Packaging Applications

Processing and Development of Polysaccharide Based Biopolymers for Packaging Applications PDF
Author: Yachuan Zhang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128187964
Size: 19.48 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 2217

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Book Description: Processing and Development of Polysaccharide-Based Biopolymers for Packaging Applications presents the latest cutting-edge research into the processing and utilization of bio-based polymers for packaging applications, covering materials derived from polysaccharides, polylactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), polybutylene and bio-polyethylene. The book also covers the principles of biopolymer plasticization, experimental and modeling techniques, the use of nanotechnology, and key advances relating to biopolymer-based packaging, including anti-microbials, anti-oxidative agents, and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Introduces the principles of biopolymer plasticization and summarizes experimental and modeling techniques Covers a range of important bio-based polymer resources, explaining resources, availability, characterization methods, and extraction and refining techniques Supports the processing and development of bio-based polymers with enhanced functionality for advanced packaging applications

Fundamentals Of Conjugated Polymer Blends Copolymers And Composites

Fundamentals of Conjugated Polymer Blends  Copolymers and Composites PDF
Author: Parveen Saini
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119137101
Size: 42.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 3450

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Book Description: Since their discovery in 1977, the evolution of conducting polymers has revolutionized modern science and technology. These polymers enjoy a special status in the area of materials science yet they are not as popular among young readers or common people when compared to other materials like metals, paper, plastics, rubber, textiles, ceramics and composites like concrete. Most importantly, much of the available literature in the form of papers, specific review articles and books is targeted either at advanced readers (scientists/technologists/engineers/senior academicians) or for those who are already familiar with the topic (doctoral/postdoctoral scholars). For a beginner or even school/college students, such compilations are bit difficult to access/digest. In fact, they need proper introduction to the topic of conducting polymers including their discovery, preparation, properties, applications and societal impact, using suitable examples and already known principles/knowledge/phenomenon. Further, active participation of readers in terms of “question & answers”, “fill-in-the-blanks”, “numerical” along with suitable answer key is necessary to maintain the interest and to initiate the “thought process”. The readers also need to know about the drawbacks and any hazards of such materials. Therefore, I believe that a comprehensive source on the science/technology of conducting polymers which maintains a link between grass root fundamentals and state-of-the-art R&D is still missing from the open literature.

Tool And Manufacturing Engineers Handbook Plastic Part Manufacturing

Tool and Manufacturing Engineers Handbook  Plastic Part Manufacturing PDF
Author: Philip Mitchell
Publisher: Society of Manufacturing Engineers
ISBN: 0872634566
Size: 11.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 706
View: 2752

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Book Description: This volume focuses on the practical application of processes for manufacturing plastic products. It includes information on design for manufacturability (DFM), material selection, process selection, dies, molds, and tooling, extrusion, injection molding, blow molding, thermoforming, lamination, rotational molding, casting, foam processing, compression and transfer molding, fiber reinforced processing, assembly and fabrication, quality, plant engineering and maintenance, management.

Polymeric Sensors And Actuators

Polymeric Sensors and Actuators PDF
Author: Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118547624
Size: 64.53 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 536
View: 5685

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Book Description: This book covers in-depth the various polymers that are used for sensors and actuators from the vantage point of organic chemistry. Since many chemists may not be familiar with the physics and operational specifics of sensors, the book has a general chapter dealing with the overall physics and basic principles of sensors. Also included are methods of fabrication, as well as information on smart textiles, actuators, and the processing of data. The range of sensors covered include humidity, temperature, chemical, mechanical, optical, electrode, electronic nose, switchable devices, biosensors, and others.

Doping In Conjugated Polymers

Doping in Conjugated Polymers PDF
Author: Pradip Kar
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118816617
Size: 80.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 4761

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Book Description: An A-to-Z of doping including its definition, its importance, methods of measurement, advantages and disadvantages, properties and characteristics—and role in conjugated polymers The versatility of polymer materials is expanding because of the introduction of electro-active behavior into the characteristics of some of them. The most exciting development in this area is related to the discovery of intrinsically conductive polymers or conjugated polymers, which include such examples as polyacetylene, polyaniline, polypyrrole, and polythiophene as well as their derivatives. "Synmet" or "synthetic metal" conjugated polymers, with their metallic characteristics, including conductivity, are of special interest to researchers. An area of limitless potential and application, conjugated polymers have sparked enormous interest, beginning in 2000 when the Nobel Prize for the discovery and development of electrically conducting conjugated polymers was awarded to three scientists: Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid, and Hideki Shirakawa. Conjugated polymers have a combination of properties—both metallic (conductivity) and polymeric; doping gives the conjugated polymer's semiconducting a wide range of conductivity, from insulating to low conducting. The doping process is a tested effective method for producing conducting polymers as semiconducting material, providing a substitute for inorganic semiconductors. Doping in Conjugated Polymers is the first book dedicated to the subject and offers a comprehensive A-to-Z overview. It details doping interaction, dopant types, doping techniques, and the influence of the dopant on applications. It explains how the performance of doped conjugated polymers is greatly influenced by the nature of the dopants and their level of distribution within the polymer, and shows how the electrochemical, mechanical, and optical properties of the doped conjugated polymers can be tailored by controlling the size and mobility of the dopants counter ions. The book also examines doping at the nanoscale, in particular, with carbon nanotubes. Readership The book will interest a broad range of researchers including chemists, electrochemists, biochemists, experimental and theoretical physicists, electronic and electrical engineers, polymer and materials scientists. It can also be used in both graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses on conjugated polymers and polymer technology.