Enhancing Food Safety

Enhancing Food Safety PDF
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309152739
Size: 58.80 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 588
View: 7685

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Book Description: Recent outbreaks of illnesses traced to contaminated sprouts and lettuce illustrate the holes that exist in the system for monitoring problems and preventing foodborne diseases. Although it is not solely responsible for ensuring the safety of the nation's food supply, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees monitoring and intervention for 80 percent of the food supply. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's abilities to discover potential threats to food safety and prevent outbreaks of foodborne illness are hampered by impediments to efficient use of its limited resources and a piecemeal approach to gathering and using information on risks. Enhancing Food Safety: The Role of the Food and Drug Administration, a new book from the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council, responds to a congressional request for recommendations on how to close gaps in FDA's food safety systems. Enhancing Food Safety begins with a brief review of the Food Protection Plan (FPP), FDA's food safety philosophy developed in 2007. The lack of sufficient detail and specific strategies in the FPP renders it ineffectual. The book stresses the need for FPP to evolve and be supported by the type of strategic planning described in these pages. It also explores the development and implementation of a stronger, more effective food safety system built on a risk-based approach to food safety management. Conclusions and recommendations include adopting a risk-based decision-making approach to food safety; creating a data surveillance and research infrastructure; integrating federal, state, and local government food safety programs; enhancing efficiency of inspections; and more. Although food safety is the responsibility of everyone, from producers to consumers, the FDA and other regulatory agencies have an essential role. In many instances, the FDA must carry out this responsibility against a backdrop of multiple stakeholder interests, inadequate resources, and competing priorities. Of interest to the food production industry, consumer advocacy groups, health care professionals, and others, Enhancing Food Safety provides the FDA and Congress with a course of action that will enable the agency to become more efficient and effective in carrying out its food safety mission in a rapidly changing world.

Food Safety For Farmers Markets A Guide To Enhancing Safety Of Local Foods

Food Safety for Farmers Markets  A Guide to Enhancing Safety of Local Foods PDF
Author: Judy A. Harrison
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319666894
Size: 40.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 170
View: 4625

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Book Description: This book describes practices used on farms and in farmers markets selling foods directly to consumers in U.S. and international markets. It identifies hazards associated with those practices that could put consumers at increased risk for foodborne illness. It also provides tools for identifying hazards on farms and in markets and guidance for establishing food-safe markets. The local food movement, inspired by initiatives such as the USDA’s “Know Your Farmer, Know Your Food”; “Farm to School”; “Farm to Pre-school”; and “The People’s Garden”, is sweeping the country. Nowhere is this interest more evident than at farmers markets. The number of farmers markets has increased almost 400% since the early 1990s, with over 8,600 farmers markets listed in the USDA’s market directory in 2016. Many of the customers for local markets are senior adults, people who may have health concerns, and mothers with young children shopping for foods they perceive to be healthier and safer than those available in grocery stores. This means that many of the customers may be in population groups that are most at risk for foodborne illness and the serious complications that can result. In surveys, however, farmers selling directly to consumers self-reported practices that could increase risk for foodborne illnesses. These included use of raw manure as fertilizer without appropriate waiting periods between application and harvest, as outlined in the National Organic Program, a lack of sanitation training for farm workers handling produce, a lack of proper cleaning and sanitizing of surfaces that come in contact with produce, and use of untested surface water for rinsing produce before taking it to market. Surveys of market managers found that many had limited experience and most had no food safety plans for their markets. Observational studies in markets have corroborated self-reported practices that could increase foodborne illness risks, including lack of handwashing, lack of access to well-maintained toilet and handwashing facilities, use of materials that cannot be cleaned and sanitized appropriately, and lack of temperature control for foods that must have time and temperature controlled for safety. These potential food safety risks are not only seen in U.S. farmers markets, but also have been identified in international markets. This book is unique in that it provides evidence-based information about food safety hazards and potential risks associated with farmers markets. It presents an overview of farm and market practices and offers guidance for enhancing food safety on farms and in markets for educators, farmers, producers, vendors and market managers. Dr. Judy A. Harrison is a Professor in the Department of Foods and Nutrition at the University of Georgia (UGA) where she has been named a Walter Bernard Hill Fellow for distinguished achievement in public service and outreach. Serving as a food safety specialist for UGA Cooperative Extension, she has provided 25 years of food safety education for a variety of audiences across the food system.

Improving Food Safety Through A One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309259339
Size: 17.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 418
View: 6772

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Book Description: Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Food Safety Culture

Food Safety Culture PDF
Author: Frank Yiannas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387728678
Size: 43.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 96
View: 4352

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Book Description: Food safety awareness is at an all time high, new and emerging threats to the food supply are being recognized, and consumers are eating more and more meals prepared outside of the home. Accordingly, retail and foodservice establishments, as well as food producers at all levels of the food production chain, have a growing responsibility to ensure that proper food safety and sanitation practices are followed, thereby, safeguarding the health of their guests and customers. Achieving food safety success in this changing environment requires going beyond traditional training, testing, and inspectional approaches to managing risks. It requires a better understanding of organizational culture and the human dimensions of food safety. To improve the food safety performance of a retail or foodservice establishment, an organization with thousands of employees, or a local community, you must change the way people do things. You must change their behavior. In fact, simply put, food safety equals behavior. When viewed from these lenses, one of the most common contributing causes of food borne disease is unsafe behavior (such as improper hand washing, cross-contamination, or undercooking food). Thus, to improve food safety, we need to better integrate food science with behavioral science and use a systems-based approach to managing food safety risk. The importance of organizational culture, human behavior, and systems thinking is well documented in the occupational safety and health fields. However, significant contributions to the scientific literature on these topics are noticeably absent in the field of food safety.

Improving Efficiency And Transparency In Food Safety Systems Sharing Experiences

Improving Efficiency and Transparency in Food Safety Systems   Sharing Experiences PDF
Author:
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251047705
Size: 39.71 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Food
Languages : en
Pages : 219
View: 236

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Book Description: This publication reports on the first Global Forum on food safety regulation which was held in Morocco in January 2002 and included delegates from 110 countries and 17 international organisations. Its purpose was to exchange information and experiences regarding food safety issues of international importance. Aspects considered include: inspection techniques; risk management; capacity building; consumer involvement in food safety; and communication issues. There was unanimous agreement that future fora of this kind should be held, and a provisional meeting scheduled for early 2004.

Food Safety Enhancement Act Of 2009 Discussion Draft

Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009 Discussion Draft PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Health
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 55.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Food adulteration and inspection
Languages : en
Pages : 189
View: 5550

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Book Description:

Food Safety Enhancement Act Of 2009

Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009 PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 62.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Food adulteration and inspection
Languages : en
Pages : 102
View: 6619

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Book Description:

Improving Import Food Safety

Improving Import Food Safety PDF
Author: Wayne Ellefson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118464273
Size: 41.39 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 6470

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Book Description: Food safety has been a global concern for many years. While global sourcing of foods and ingredients provides great opportunity for variety and diversity of cultural products, there are significant risks. Programs that regulate food safety and quality in countries around the world vary in their scope and effectiveness, with many being underfunded. Rapidly developing countries may lack the expertise, laboratory resources for testing, and established inspection programs to adequately promote the safety of foods. Rather, these countries may be more focused on providing enough food for their citizens. Lack of documentation or traceability in the exporting country can further exacerbate the situation. Of course, safety problems in food imported from more developed countries also occur, and the source of food borne disease outbreaks are found regularly within the United States. Improving Import Food Safety gathers together vital information on the food safety programs of national governments, the food industry, and the testing industry. Chapters have been contributed by authors from the United States, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. Readers will learn about a variety of regulatory approaches to food safety at the federal and state levels in the United States, as well as in selected countries and within the food industry itself. They will also gain insights into the nature and source of safety problems, in addition to approaches to food safety around the world. The book is divided into three sections: Highlighting Key Issues: authors illustrate the millions of permutations for the origin of ingredients, discussing the difficulty if policing imports, providing a unique perspective on the economic situation in China and insight into development of support for small farm producers in Mexico. Legal and Regulatory Issues/Structures in the USA and Abroad: describes the legal and regulatory system in the European Union, the United States, and China, plus a chapter addressing global approaches to fraud. Potential Strategies to Improve Import Safety: presents strategies to deal with what are ultimately global issues, but on multiple levels. Perspectives are provided by authors from Industry, and industry trade association, academia, and a recently semi-retired, global ambassador or food safety. Readers will find this book noteworthy because of the diverse topics and perspectives offered on the challenges of keeping food safe in a global economy. Authors come from a variety of backgrounds, and each has provided a unique perspective on this critical topic. The volume is aimed at importers and exporters of food and ingredients; food microbiologists, food safety and QC/QA personnel; regulatory and legal personnel in food manufacturing companies; food policy makers and regulatory officials and facility and graduate students in food science.

Food Safety And International Competitiveness

Food Safety and International Competitiveness PDF
Author: John Spriggs
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851998589
Size: 50.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 3715

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Book Description: Food safety is currently one of the most important issues confronting consumers, producers and distributors. It cannot be dealt with as just a physical problem but must be considered as a multi-dimensional one, affected by politics, economics and social influences. This book focuses on the specific example of food safety in the beef industry in the USA, Canada, the UK and Australia. It outlines the experience of a number of countries with food safety problems (such as BSE) and examines:drivers for change and institutional arrangements within the four countrieswhether there is a socially optimal approach to food safetyhow much consumers can rely on the industry to police itself and governments to look after their interestsIt also examines the implications for competitiveness and world trade.

The Future Of Food Safety

The future of food safety PDF
Author: FAO/WHO
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN: 9251323402
Size: 41.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 112
View: 4985

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Book Description: This technical summary prepared by FAO and the World Health Organization (WHO) reports on the two international food safety conferences held in Addis Ababa and Geneva in February and April 2019. It recalls the key actions and strategies presented to address current and future challenges to food safety globally and the steps required to strengthen commitment at the highest political level to scale up food safety in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. At a pivotal moment focussing international attention on actions needed to bolster food safety, this publication recalls the priorities discussed so that food safety strategies and approaches can be aligned across sectors and borders, reinforcing efforts to reach the Sustainable Development Goals and supporting the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition.

Food Safety Behavior

Food Safety   Behavior PDF
Author: Frank Yiannas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493924893
Size: 60.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 115
View: 6058

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Book Description: This book helps in Achieving food safety success which requires going beyond traditional training, testing, and inspectional approaches to managing risks. It requires a better understanding of the human dimensions of food safety. In the field of food safety today, much is documented about specific microbes, time/temperature processes, post-process contamination, and HACCP–things often called the hard sciences. There is not much published or discussed related to human behavior–often referred to as the “soft stuff.” However, looking at foodborne disease trends over the past few decades and published regulatory out-of-compliance rates of food safety risk factors, it’s clear that the soft stuff is still the hard stuff. Despite the fact that thousands of employees have been trained in food safety around the world, millions have been spent globally on food safety research, and countless inspections and tests have been performed at home and abroad, food safety remains a significant public health challenge. Why is that? Because to improve food safety, we must realize that it’s more than just food science; it’s the behavioral sciences, too. In fact, simply put, food safety equals behavior. This is the fundamental principle of this book. If you are trying to improve the food safety performance of a retail or food service establishment, an organization with thousands of employees, or a local community, what you are really trying to do is change people’s behavior. The ability to influence human behavior is well documented in the behavioral and social sciences. However, significant contributions to the scientific literature in the field of food safety are noticeably absent. This book will help advance the science by being the first significant collection of 50 proven behavioral science techniques, and be the first to show how these techniques can be applied to enhance employee compliance with desired food safety behaviors and make food safety the social norm in any organization.

Regional Framework For Action On Food Safety In The Western Pacific

Regional Framework for Action on Food Safety in the Western Pacific PDF
Author: Who Regional Office for the Western Paci
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9290618477
Size: 75.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 58
View: 5339

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Book Description: The Western Pacific Regional Food Safety Strategy 2011-2015 has contributed to good progress in food safety across the Western Pacific Region. However more than 125 million people fall ill and more than 50 000 die annually from unsafe food in the Region. Food safety is a highly complex health issue involving multiple domestic and international stakeholders. Over recent years new developments including the introduction of new technologies increasing internationalization of the food chain and demographic changes have affected food safety in the Region. The changing context of food safety affects food safety risk management as well as trust in the safety of the food supply. Food safety trust is a multifaceted issue and an outcome of effective food safety systems. At the same time it serves as an enabler for strengthening food safety systems to manage food safety risks and respond to food safety incidents and emergencies. The Regional Framework for Action on Food Safety in the Western Pacific builds on the achievement and lessons learnt from the 2011-2015 Strategy. It acknowledges the changing context of food safety and revisits the approach for strengthening national food safety systems. This includes a stronger focus on building trust and confidence in food safety systems and implementing strategic actions that create leadership partnerships competency and resources that are the necessary enablers for advancing food safety systems. The Framework provides guidance on strategic action and a stepwise approach to strengthen food safety systems to better manage food safety risks and respond to food safety incidents and emergencies. It is intended to guide national food safety authorities in implementation of strategic action to strengthen national food safety systems as well as to obtain and advocate for high-level political support to enhance food safety. It is also intended to facilitate regional cooperation among food safety authorities.

Sequencing Technologies In Microbial Food Safety And Quality

Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality PDF
Author: Devarajan Thangardurai
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000376397
Size: 26.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 500
View: 5503

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Book Description: Molecular landscape for food safety analysis is rapidly revolutionizing because of high resolution and value added resulting analysis of next-generation sequencing (NGS) approaches. These modern sequencing technologies drive worldwide advancements in food safety and quality. Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality reviews several practices in that NGS contributes to foodborne pathogens functional characterization, management and control. This book focuses on potential uses of sequencing technologies in microbial food safety and quality and highlights present challenges in the food industry. Key Features: Application of whole genome sequencing technologies in disease diagnostics, surveillance, transmission, and outbreak investigation in food sector Impact of sequencing tools in the area of food microbiology Recent advances in genomic DNA sequencing of microbial species from single cells Microbial bioinformatics resources for food microbiology High-throughput insertion tracking by deep sequencing for the analysis of food pathogens This book includes contributions from experts who have manipulated sequencing tools in relation to microbial food safety and quality. Presenting comprehensive details about NGS approaches in food science, this book is an updated and reliable reference for food scientists, nutritionists, food product investigators to study and implement the sequencing technologies for developing quality and safe food. This book would also serve as informative resource for food industry officials, government researchers, food science or food nutrition students who seek comprehensive knowledge about the role of emerging sequencing technologies in revolutionizing the food industry.

Food Safety Engineering

Food Safety Engineering PDF
Author: Ali Demirci
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030426602
Size: 53.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 760
View: 2193

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Book Description: Food Safety Engineering is the first reference work to provide up-to-date coverage of the advanced technologies and strategies for the engineering of safe foods. Researchers, laboratory staff and food industry professionals with an interest in food engineering safety will find a singular source containing all of the needed information required to understand this rapidly advancing topic. The text lays a solid foundation for solving microbial food safety problems, developing advanced thermal and non-thermal technologies, designing food safety preventive control processes and sustainable operation of the food safety preventive control processes. The first section of chapters presents a comprehensive overview of food microbiology from foodborne pathogens to detection methods. The next section focuses on preventative practices, detailing all of the major manufacturing processes assuring the safety of foods including Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP), Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls (HARPC), food traceability, and recalls. Further sections provide insights into plant layout and equipment design, and maintenance. Modeling and process design are covered in depth. Conventional and novel preventive controls for food safety include the current and emerging food processing technologies. Further sections focus on such important aspects as aseptic packaging and post-packaging technologies. With its comprehensive scope of up-to-date technologies and manufacturing processes, this is a useful and first-of-its kind text for the next generation food safety engineering professionals.

Food Safety A Reference Handbook 3rd Edition

Food Safety  A Reference Handbook  3rd Edition PDF
Author: Nina E. Redman
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440852634
Size: 65.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 1308

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Book Description: Presenting compelling and current information about some of the most important food safety issues, this book is an invaluable reference for anyone interested in avoiding foodborne disease or understanding how food safety standards could be improved. • Provides an up-to-date summary of food safety issues, many of which are controversial or commonly discussed in the media • Offers a breadth of perspectives about the future of food safety from a range of professionals • Includes an excerpt from the 2011 Food Safety Modernization Act that enables readers to directly examine the key elements of this law that affects many aspects of the food we eat

Strengthening Food Safety Laws

Strengthening Food Safety Laws PDF
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 54.28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Consumer protection
Languages : en
Pages : 155
View: 5390

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Book Description:

Application Of Alternative Food Preservation Technologies To Enhance Food Safety And Stability

Application of Alternative Food Preservation Technologies to Enhance Food Safety and Stability PDF
Author: Antonio Bevilacqua
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 1608050963
Size: 79.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 2158

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Book Description: "The book covers the applications of some alternative approaches for prolonging food shelf life. The book describes the role of food safety objectives, natural compounds (such as oils and microbial enzymes), pressure and atmospheric techniques and alternat"

The Microbiology Of Safe Food

The Microbiology of Safe Food PDF
Author: Stephen J. Forsythe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405140054
Size: 37.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 2852

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Book Description: Food production is an increasingly complex and global enterprise, and public awareness of poisoning outbreaks is higher than ever. This makes it vital that companies in the food chain maintain scrupulous standards of hygiene and are able to assure customers of the safety of their products. This book reviews the production of food and the level of microorganisms that humans ingest, covering both food pathogens and food spoilage organisms. The comprehensive contents include: the dominant foodborne microorganisms; the means of their detection; microbiological criteria and sampling plans; the setting of microbial limits for end-product testing; predictive microbiology; the role of HACCP; the setting of Food Safety Objectives; relevant international regulations and legislation. This updated and expanded second edition contains much important new information on emerging microbiological issues of concern in food safety, including: microbiological risk assessment; bacterial genomics and bioinformatics; detergents and disinfectants, and the importance of hygiene practice personnel. The book is essential reading for all those studying food science, technology and food microbiology. It is also a valuable resource for government and food company regulatory personnel, quality control officers, public health inspectors, environmental health officers, food scientists, technologists and microbiologists. Web-based sources of information and other supporting materials for this book can be found at www.wiley.com/go/forsythe

Food Safety Economics

Food Safety Economics PDF
Author: Tanya Roberts
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331992138X
Size: 18.24 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 411
View: 6327

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Book Description: This book examines the economic incentives for food safety in the private marketplace and how public actions have helped shape those incentives. Noted contributors analyze alternative public health protection efforts and the benefits and costs associated with these actions to understand: why an excess of foodborne illness occurs what policies have worked best how regulations have evolved what the path forward to better control of pathogens in the U.S. and the international food supply chain might look like While the first third of the book builds an economic framework, the remaining chapters apply economics to specific food safety issues. Numerous chapters explore economic decision making within individual companies, revealing the trade-offs of the costs of food safety systems to comply with regulations, vs. non-compliance which carries costs of possible penalties, reputation damage, legal liability suits, and sales reduction. Pathogen control costs are examined in both the short run and long run. The book's unique application of economic theory to food safety decision making in both the public and private sectors makes it a key resource for food safety professionals in academia, government, industry, and consumer groups around the world. In addition to Benefit/Cost Analysis and economic incentives, other economic concepts are applied to food safety supply chains, such as, principal-agent theory and the economics of information. Authors provide real world examples, from Farm-to-Fork, to showcase these economic concepts throughout the book.

Microbiological Testing In Food Safety Management

Microbiological Testing in Food Safety Management PDF
Author: International Commission for the Microbiological Specifications of Foods (ICMSF)
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306472627
Size: 67.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 362
View: 3801

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Book Description: The latest book in this excellent series describes the role of microbiological testing in modern food safety management systems. It explores how risk assessment and risk management can be used to establish goals for use in controlling food borne illness, and provides guidelines for establishing effective management systems to control specific hazards in foods. This groundbreaking book will interest food microbiologists, researchers, and others in the food industry, regulatory agencies and academia worldwide.