Employment And The Urban Poor

Employment and the Urban Poor PDF
Author: Alice E. Trost
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780815326748
Size: 22.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 143
View: 7262

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Book Description: This book examines the impact on earnings and employment for inner city males resulting from the movement of manufacturing firms out of cities into suburban and rural settings, over the past several decades. The relocation of manufacturing employment has virtually eliminated the access of central city, low-skill workers to secure employment with benefits and room for advancement. However, demographic analysis reveals that low-skill workers have remained highly concentrated in inner cities even though low-skill jobs have moved outward in metropolitan areas. Economic theory has led many economists to believe that inner city workers are not interested in suburban employment because they do not move to the suburban This book develops a new economic model that incorporates the unique difficulties faced by low income households which limits their ability to move to suburban locations. The model is used to make predictions about the impact on earnings and unemployment rates as job opportunities move to the suburbs. Multivariate regressions are used to test the theory in a cross- sectional analysis of the fifty largest metropolitan areas in the United States. The findings indicate that differences between the location of low income neighborhoods and the location of low-skill employment have significantly increased inner city unemployment rates over the past several decades (Ph.D. Dissertation, State University of new York at Binghamton, 1995; revised with new preface and index)

Employment Income And The Urban Poor

Employment  Income  and the Urban Poor PDF
Author: Meera Mehta
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 43.44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Income distribution
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 2091

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Book Description:

Urban Poverty And The Labour Market

Urban Poverty and the Labour Market PDF
Author: Gerry Rodgers
Publisher: International Labour Organisation
ISBN:
Size: 60.54 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 257
View: 1068

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Book Description:

The Urban Poor And Employment Creation

The  urban  Poor and Employment Creation PDF
Author: Michiel Levin
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Job creation
Languages : en
Pages : 24
View: 3202

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Book Description:

When Work Disappears

When Work Disappears PDF
Author: William Julius Wilson
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307794695
Size: 14.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 7378

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Book Description: Wilson, one of our foremost authorities on race and poverty, challenges decades of liberal and conservative pieties to look squarely at the devastating effects that joblessness has had on our urban ghettos. Marshaling a vast array of data and the personal stories of hundreds of men and women, Wilson persuasively argues that problems endemic to America's inner cities--from fatherless households to drugs and violent crime--stem directly from the disappearance of blue-collar jobs in the wake of a globalized economy. Wilson's achievement is to portray this crisis as one that affects all Americans, and to propose solutions whose benefits would be felt across our society. At a time when welfare is ending and our country's racial dialectic is more strained than ever, When Work Disappears is a sane, courageous, and desperately important work. "Wilson is the keenest liberal analyst of the most perplexing of all American problems...[This book is] more ambitious and more accessible than anything he has done before." --The New Yorker

Climate Change Disaster Risk And The Urban Poor

Climate Change  Disaster Risk  and the Urban Poor PDF
Author: Judy L. Baker
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821389602
Size: 64.33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 316
View: 2353

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Book Description: The urban poor living in slums are at particularly high risk from the impacts of climate change and natural hazards. This study analyzes key issues affecting their vulnerability, with evidence from a number of cities in the developing world.

Innovative Policies For The Urban Informal Economy

Innovative Policies for the Urban Informal Economy PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Informal sector (Economics)
Languages : en
Pages : 130
View: 1489

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Book Description:

Poverty In Ecuador

Poverty in Ecuador PDF
Author: Carolina Sanchez-Paramo
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description: The note looks at poverty in Ecuador, assessing macroeconomic developments through its policies to maintain stability with fiscal discipline, and increase economic productivity and competitiveness, in particular, the 1998/99 crisis, the 2000 dollarization and their effect on poverty. From 1990 to 2001, national consumption-based poverty rose from 40 to 45 percent, and the number of poor people increased from 3.5 to 5.2 million. Poverty increased by over 80 percent in urban areas at the Costa and the Sierra, was stable in the rural Costa, and rose 15 percent in the rural Sierra. Poverty rates continued to be highest in rural areas, but rapid urbanization increased the number of poor people living in urban areas. Employment is the main income source, frequently the only one, for most urban families. Thus policies that generate employment and wage income are crucial for reducing urban poverty. The 1998/99 crisis sent employment and real labor income plummeting, urban poverty rose, and poor urban households resorted to various coping strategies, such as increased labor force participation, and migration. Poverty declined slowly after 2000, reflecting just a weak formal employment creation. It is stipulated social expenditures could be used more effectively, for significant improvements are needed in education provision, and quality, especially in rural areas, while health service coverage must be expanded and integrated better across different subsystems, and providers.

Poverty And The Underclass

Poverty and the Underclass PDF
Author: William A. Kelso
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814746616
Size: 58.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 339
View: 6907

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Book Description: The much-heralded War on Poverty has failed. The number of children living in poverty is steadily on the rise and an increasingly destructive underclass brutalizes urban neighborhoods. America's patience with the poor seems to have run out: even cities that have traditionally been havens for the homeless are arresting, harassing, and expelling their street people. In this timely work, William Kelso analyzes how the persistence of poverty has resulted in a reversal of liberal and conservative positions during the last thirty years. While liberals in the 1960s hoped to eliminate the causes of poverty, today they increasingly seem resigned to merely treating its effects. The original liberal objective of giving the poor a helping hand by promoting equal opportunity has given way to a new agenda of entitlements and equal results. In contrast, conservatives who once suggested that trying to eliminate poverty was futile, now seek ways to eradicate the actual causes of poverty. Poverty and the Underclass suggests that the arguments of both the left and right are misguided and offers new explanations for the persistence of poverty. Looking beyond the codewords that have come to obscure the debate—underclass, family values, the culture of poverty,—Kelso emphasizes that poverty is not a monolithic condition, but a vast and multidimensional problem. During his Presidential campaign, Bill Clinton called for an overhaul of the welfare system and spoke of a new covenant to unite both the left and right in developing a common agenda for fighting poverty. In this urgent, landmark work, William Kelso merges conservative, radical, and liberal ideals to suggest how the intractable problem of poverty may be solved at long last by implementing the principles of this new covenant.