Addressing Ethnic Profiling By Police

Addressing Ethnic Profiling by Police PDF
Author: Open Society Institute
Publisher: Open Society Inst
ISBN: 9781891385896
Size: 20.42 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 100
View: 3091

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Book Description: "Open Society Justice Initiative"--Cover.

Addressing Ethnic Profiling By Police

Addressing Ethnic Profiling by Police PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 11.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Discrimination in law enforcement
Languages : en
Pages : 100
View: 7620

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Book Description: Published by the Open Society Justice Initiative, Addressing Ethnic Profiling by Police reports on efforts to reform police practices in three countries and provides a roadmap toward greater fairness, improved efficiency, and better police-community relations. The book describes how selected police forces in Bulgaria, Hungary, and Spain worked with the Justice Initiative to monitor police use of stops and searches, determine if they disproportionately affected minority groups, and assess their efficacy in detecting and solving crime. Addressing Ethnic Profiling by Police details the successes and shortcomings of the reform project. It tracks the changes undertaken by participating police forces, including a municipal police force in Spain that increased the effectiveness of stops while reducing their number and disproportionate impact on minority communities. The book includes chapters on the nature and legality of ethnic profiling and the process of evaluating and changing police practices. It also includes a guide to resources for police forces wishing to undertake reforms.--Publisher description.

Resource Book On The Use Of Force And Firearms In Law Enforcement

Resource Book on the Use of Force and Firearms in Law Enforcement PDF
Author: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Publisher: United Nations
ISBN: 9213630948
Size: 78.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 4599

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Book Description: This resource book explores international law sources relevant to the use of force and the general responsibility of law enforcement authorities for the use of force. It discusses a number of instruments of force, including firearms, and the conditions under which these should be used. It further examines the possible use of force in a number of specific policing situations. Finally, it also outlines good practices for accountability in the use of force and firearms by law enforcement officials.

Police Stops And Ethnic Profiling In Bulgaria

Police Stops and Ethnic Profiling in Bulgaria PDF
Author:
Publisher: CSD
ISBN: 9544771425
Size: 59.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Discrimination in law enforcement
Languages : en
Pages : 89
View: 4648

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Book Description:

Stop And Search

Stop and Search PDF
Author: Rebekah Delsol
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137336102
Size: 48.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 4948

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Book Description: This book reviews the key controversies surrounding the police power to stop and search members of the public. It explores the history and development of these powers, assesses their effectiveness in tackling crime and their impact on public trust and confidence as well as on-going attempts at regulation and reform.

Stop And Search

Stop and Search PDF
Author: Leanne Weber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317981138
Size: 28.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 5220

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Book Description: Police powers to stop, question and search people in public places, and the way these powers are exercised, is a contentious aspect of police-community relations, and a key issue for criminological and policing scholarship, and for public debate about liberty and security more generally. Whilst monitoring and controlling minority populations has always been a feature of police work, new fears, new ‘suspect populations’ and new powers intended to control them have arisen in the face of instability associated with rapid global change. This book synthesises and extends knowledge about stop and search practices across a range of jurisdictions and contexts. It explores the use of stop and search powers in relation to street crime, terrorism and unauthorised migration in Britain, North America, Europe, Australia, Africa, and Asia. The book covers little researched practices such as road-blocks and ID checking, and discusses issues such as fairness, effectiveness, equity and racial profiling. It provides a substantive and theoretical foundation for transnational and comparative research on police powers in a global context. This book was originally published as a special issue of Policing and Society.

Human Rights In Europe No Grounds For Complacency

Human rights in Europe  no grounds for complacency PDF
Author:
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9287177775
Size: 25.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 370
View: 2874

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Book Description: Political rhetoric on human rights in Europe is different from daily reality. Almost every politician is on record as favouring the protection of freedom and justice. Standards on human rights have been agreed at European and international level; many have been integrated into national law; but they are not consistently enforced. There is an implementation gap.It is this implementation gap that this book seeks to address. It is built on a compilation of separate "viewpoints" or articles which Thomas Hammarberg has written, and later updated, since beginning his mandate as Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights in April 2006. He has now visited almost all of the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. On each visit he has met victims of violations of human rights and their families, leading politicians, prosecutors, judges, ombudsmen, religious leaders, journalists and civil society representatives as well as inmates of prisons and other institutions, law enforcement personnel and others. The "viewpoints" written on the basis of these many visits summarise his reflections, conclusions and recommendations.

Human Rights In Europe No Grounds For Complacency

Human rights in Europe  no grounds for complacency PDF
Author: Collectif
Publisher: Conseil de l'Europe
ISBN: 9287171262
Size: 50.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 370
View: 7215

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Book Description: Political rhetoric on human rights in Europe is different from daily reality. Almost every politician is on record as favouring the protection of freedom and justice. Standards on human rights have been agreed at European and international level; many have been integrated into national law; but they are not consistently enforced. There is an implementation gap. It is this implementation gap that this book seeks to address. It is built on a compilation of separate "viewpoints" or articles which Thomas Hammarberg has written, and later updated, since beginning his mandate as Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights in April 2006. He has now visited almost all of the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. On each visit he has met victims of violations of human rights and their families, leading politicians, prosecutors, judges, ombudsmen, religious leaders, journalists and civil society representatives as well as inmates of prisons and other institutions, law enforcement personnel and others. The "viewpoints" written on the basis of these many visits summarise his reflections, conclusions and recommendations.

The Realities Of Policing Diverse Communities From Minority And Police Perspectives

The Realities of Policing Diverse Communities from Minority and Police Perspectives PDF
Author: David J. McInerney
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 152755435X
Size: 56.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
View: 5626

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Book Description: From the mid-1990s onwards, Ireland experienced unprecedented growth levels in immigration from around the world, prompted by the country’s changing economic fortunes. In turn, the people of a very small and conservative country saw the rapid development of diverse minorities in their midst, especially in the capital, Dublin. From a sociological point of view, such communities posed challenges for the national police force, An Garda Síochána. As part of a strategy to engage with rapidly changing demographics, An Garda Síochána launched the Garda Racial and Intercultural Office (GRIO). In 2001, the author of this book was invited to establish a framework, and practical measures to negotiate the non-discriminatory policing of Ireland’s changing society. The author proposed the appointment of Garda Ethnic Liaison Officers (ELOs) to liaise and reassure members of these new minorities, while developing the officers’ own deeper understanding of difference and vulnerability. These appointed ELOs were trained in cultural awareness and difference by the author, in conjunction with minority representatives, which in turn, influenced their thinking in the delivery of a non-discriminatory front-line police service. The role of the ELO makes the Irish police authorities one of the first in the world with specialist officers dedicated to building relations with minorities. This book has many lessons to offer sociologists, academics, criminologists, lawyers, social policymakers and police institutions dealing with the plight of refugees, asylum seekers, economic migrants and marginalised people the world over.

Making Equal Rights Real

Making Equal Rights Real PDF
Author: Jody Heymann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107378311
Size: 32.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5628

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Book Description: Making Equal Rights Real brings together leaders from around the world who have been working effectively to increase equal economic and social rights, ranging from rights in the workplace to property ownership and education. The contributors tell the detailed stories of effective approaches to implementing equal rights for racial and ethnic minorities in North America, women in Africa, children in the Middle East and sexual minorities in Asia. They also describe approaches taken around the world to increase equal rights for people living in poverty, for those living with disabilities and for all people seeking the information they need to hold their government accountable for implementing everyone's rights. The book addresses what can be done by policymakers, civil society, non-governmental organizations, lawyers seeking to implement equal rights legislation and advocates working in the community, as well as those developing constitutions and negotiating international agreements.

The Benefits Of Audio Visual Technology In Addressing Racial Profiling

The Benefits of Audio visual Technology in Addressing Racial Profiling PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law enforcement
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 4685

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Book Description:

Ethnic Profiling

Ethnic Profiling PDF
Author: Open Society Justice Initiative
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 24.61 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 15
View: 3697

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Book Description: The European Union is in the midst of continuing discussions about its counterterrorism policy, adopting its first Internal Security Strategy in 2010, and then, in 2011, an action plan, the "European Security Model." The strategy underlines the need to develop preventive and anticipatory tools based on the respect for fundamental rights and the rule of law. The EU has stressed that, in matters of counterterrorism, measures should focus on future attacks, by addressing and disrupting criminal networks and addressing radicalization and recruitment. In this context, the Open Society Justice Initiative, working with the Open Society Institute-Brussels, weighed in on the debate, publishing a background paper on ethnic profiling for the EU's Working Party on Terrorism. The paper emphasizes steps the EU could take to ensure counterterrorism efforts do not undermine antidiscrimination norms and feed radicalization in targeted communities. The paper explores the various manifestations of ethnic profiling (including in the field of counter-radicalization), its negative impact on communities and on counterterrorism efforts, and highlights projects piloting remedies to ethnic profiling, including the Justice Initiative's ongoing work to develop more effective police stop and search practices.

Legal Aspects Of Ethnic Data Collection And Positive Action

Legal Aspects of Ethnic Data Collection and Positive Action PDF
Author: Jozefien Van Caeneghem
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030236684
Size: 69.10 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 728
View: 4774

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Book Description: This book addresses the legal feasibility of ethnic data collection and positive action for equality and anti-discrimination purposes, and considers how they could be used to promote the Roma minority’s inclusion in Europe. The book’s central aim is to research how a societal problem can be improved upon from a legal perspective. The controversy surrounding ethnic data collection and positive action severely limits their use at the national level. Accordingly, legal and political concerns are analysed and addressed in order to demonstrate that it is possible to collect such data and to implement such measures while fully respecting international and European human rights norms, provided that certain conditions are met. Part I focuses on ethnic data collection and explores the key rules and principles that govern it, the ways in which this equality tool could be used, and how potential obstacles might be overcome. It also identifies and addresses the specific challenges that arise when collecting ethnic data on the Roma minority in Europe. In turn, Part II explores positive action and the broad range of measures covered by the concept, before analysing the applicable international and European framework. It reviews the benefits and challenges of implementing positive action for Roma, identifies best practices, and gives special consideration to inter-cultural mediation in the advancement of Roma inclusion. The book concludes with an overview of the main findings on both topics and by identifying three essential elements that must be in place, in addition to full respect for the applicable legal rules, in order to combat discrimination and achieve the inclusion of Roma in Europe by complementing existing anti-discrimination frameworks with the collection of ethnic data and the implementation of positive action schemes.

Without Suspicion

Without Suspicion PDF
Author: Benjamin P. Ward
Publisher: Ohio University Center for International Studies
ISBN:
Size: 14.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Human rights
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 7616

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Book Description: "This report examines the use of the stop and search power under section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000. It finds that the safeguards intended to prevent its misuse---including the need for authorization by the Home Secretary, a duty to assess the impact of its use on community relations, and guidance to the police on proper use---have proved to be ineffective. Section 44 stop and search has breached the privacy and other human rights of those stopped. Use of the power has damaged relations between the police and ethnic minorities (who are disproportionately affected by the power), and led to photographers, protestors, railway enthusiasts, and children being improperly stopped. The report recommends the repeal of the section 44 power, and calls for police in the UK to instead rely on stop and search powers that require reasonable suspicion."--Page 4 of cover.

Crime Trends In Bulgaria

Crime Trends in Bulgaria PDF
Author:
Publisher: CSD
ISBN: 9544771409
Size: 22.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Crime
Languages : en
Pages : 77
View: 1042

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Book Description:

Commerce Justice Science And Related Agencies Appropriations For 2012

Commerce  Justice  Science  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2012 PDF
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 47.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Administrative agencies
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3943

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Book Description:

Commerce Justice Science And Related Agencies Appropriations For 2011 Part 1a 111 2 Hearings

Commerce  Justice  Science  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2011  Part 1A  111 2 Hearings PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7187

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Book Description:

A Resource Guide On Racial Profiling Data Collection Systems

A Resource Guide on Racial Profiling Data Collection Systems PDF
Author: Deborah Ramirez
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 40.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Discrimination in law enforcement
Languages : en
Pages : 67
View: 5917

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Book Description:

Racial Profiling

Racial Profiling PDF
Author: Steven J. Muffler
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781594545474
Size: 33.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 161
View: 7091

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Book Description: In recent years, racial profiling has drawn the attention of state and federal governments. In this book, racial profiling is defined as the practice of targeting individuals for police or security interdiction, detention, or other disparate treatment based primarily on their race, ethnicity, or national origin in the belief that certain minority groups are more likely to engage in unlawful behaviour. Assertions that law enforcement personnel at all levels unfairly target certain racial and ethnic groups, particularly but not exclusively for traffic stops and searches, have raised concerns about violations of the Constitution. The major debate on racial profiling centres on whether the practice should be prohibited entirely and whether data on traffic stops and searches should be collected to determine if the practice is occurring. This book gathers presents the major issues, available data, and analyses important to understanding on the most dangerous and divisive practices of our time.

The Sage Dictionary Of Policing

The SAGE Dictionary of Policing PDF
Author: Alison Wakefield
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446207013
Size: 19.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 6006

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Book Description: The SAGE Dictionary of Policing is the definitive reference tool for students, academics and practitioners in police studies. The Dictionary delivers a complete guide to policing in a comprehensive, easy-to-use format. Contributions by 110 of the world's leading academics and practitioners based in 14 countries map out all the key concepts and topics in the field. Each entry includes: " a concise definition " distinctive features of the concept " a critical evaluation " associated concepts, directing readers to linked entries " key readings, enabling readers to take their knowledge further. In addition, The SAGE Dictionary of Policing offers online resources, including free access to key articles and links to useful websites. This is a must-have for students, lecturers, researchers and professionals in police studies, criminology and criminal justice. It is the ideal companion to the SAGE Dictionary of Criminology: together the two books provide the most authoritative and comprehensive guide available. Alison Wakefield is Senior Lecturer in Criminology at the University of New South Wales. She was previously based at City University, London. Jenny Fleming is Professor at the Tasmanian Institute of Law Enforcement Studies, University of Tasmania.